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Policies and Procedures

Below is a list of all the topics on which you can find information on policies and procedures. The Policies and Procedures page is in the process of being updated. For questions about information not contained below, contact the Dean of Students Office at lawdos@umn.edu.


Grade Access

Grades may be obtained (according to a schedule maintained by the Law School and posted on Inside.law at https://inside.law.umn.edu/students/faculty-grade-submission) via the University of Minnesota’s One Stop web site. To view grades, students should go to http://onestop.umn.edu/grades_and_transcripts/index.html.

Grade Basis

The majority of Law School courses are offered on the standard A/F (4.333) grading basis. Pursuant to Academic Rule 12.1, some courses may also be graded on a pass/fail (P/F) or pass/fail/honors (P/F/H) basis. When available, the pass/fail grade basis must be selected by students at the time of registration or within the first two weeks of class in fall and spring semesters and within one week of class in summer.

Grade Change

Once a grade has been posted for a credited exercise, it can only be changed at the initiative of the instructor, in accordance with Academic Rule 11.5. Changes are made only in the event of a mathematical or computational error, or in case of “clear error in the evaluation process.” All grade changes must be approved by the Associate Dean for Academic Affairs. In the case of errors in the evaluation process, any proposed change requires review and approval by the Faculty Consultative Committee.

Students with questions about a grade are encouraged to inquire directly with the instructor to learn the basis of the grade and receive feedback that may help future performance.

Grading Criteria

The criteria used to determine students’ final grade (e.g., class participation, team projects, written assignments, final exam) in a course will be announced in writing by the professor at the beginning of the course as stated in Rule 11.1. Students are responsible for knowing course expectations even if they join a class after the start of the semester.

Failure to attend class on a regular basis may result in the lowering of your final grade. Professors who adjust final grades based on class attendance and/or participation will provide notice to the class early in the semester.

Examinations are graded on their content without the professor having knowledge of the examinee’s identity. This system is commonly referred to as “blind grading.” Any attempt by a student to identify him/herself on an examination is an Honor Code violation. To maintain blind grading, students should NOT consult with an instructor regarding exam accommodations or other matters that could identify a student’s exam to the instructor.

Failure to sit for a scheduled exam for a course in which a student is registered results in a failing grade in the course, unless an exam variance has been approved by the Dean of Students Office. (see Academic Rule 11.2.2)

Grading Curve (Standard Distribution)
See Academic Rule 12.4

All first year courses are graded on a curve such that the average (mean) grade for the class falls between 3.0 and 3.333. Instructors for upper division non-seminar classes of 25 students or more are encouraged—but not required—to use the same grading curve.

LL.M. student grades are excluded from the curve, or mean, calculation.

Grade Distributions

When all grades for a semester have been entered a grade distribution chart will be created by the Registrar’s Office. The chart reflects grade distributions for classes of more than 25 students that are graded on the A/F grade basis. The chart is posted by course on the bulletin board located on the second floor near the Information Desk.  Grade distributions are not disseminated in any other format, e.g. email, phone or website.

LL.M. students are not included in the grade distribution.

Grading Scale

The Law School grading scale is as follows:


A+   4.333

A     4.000    Excellent to outstanding performance

A-    3.667


B+   3.333

B     3.000  Substantially better than adequate through very good performance

B-    2.667


C+   2.333

C     2.000 Minimally acceptable through adequate and somewhat above adequate performance

C-    1.667


D     1.000 Inadequate performance


F       0    Failing performance


Law School Transcript Key (PDF)


Grades for Work Not Completed
See Academic Rule 12.2

For each course, seminar, or credited exercise in which a student is enrolled, a final grade must be entered after the conclusion of the semester in keeping with applicable grade submission deadlines. If unable to submit a final grade for a student’s work in an exercise, the instructor must designate one of two grades; An “I” or “incomplete” if the student, due to extraordinary circumstances, has successfully completed a substantial portion of the course’s work but was prevented from completing the work of the course on time, or an “X” which indicates the continuation of a course which has not concluded at the end of the semester, for example a two-semester clinic or moot court.

In the case of “I” grades, students are responsible for ensuring that outstanding requirements for incomplete coursework are satisfied and a grade submitted. Once outstanding coursework is submitted to the instructor and evaluated, the Registrar will update a student’s record with the course grade. If coursework is not completed and a grade assigned, any outstanding “I” will convert to an “F” grade one year after the end of the semester of enrollment of the exercise and will be reflected on a student’s transcript and factored into the cumulative grade point average. Incomplete coursework at the time of graduation may prevent the Registrar’s Office from forwarding a bar certification to the state in which a student intends to practice.