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Myron Orfield

Professor of Law; Director, Institute on Metropolitan Opportunity

Myron Orfield

N150C Mondale Hall
229–19th Ave. South
Minneapolis, MN 55455

612-625-7976

orfield@umn.edu

University of Minnesota, B.A.
University of Chicago, J.D.

Professor Myron Orfield is the Director of the Institute on Metropolitan Opportunity. He has written three books and dozens of articles and book chapters on local government law, spatial inequality, fair housing, school desegregation, charter schools, state and local taxation and finance, and land use law. The syndicated columnist Neal Peirce called him "the most influential demographer in America's burgeoning regional movement." Orfield's research has led to legislative and judicial reforms at the federal level and state level reform in Minnesota, Illinois, Michigan, California, New Jersey, Connecticut, Massachusetts, Washington, Oregon, and Maryland.

Professor Orfield has been a litigator in a large law firm, a civil rights lawyer, and an assistant attorney general of Minnesota, representing Minnesota in appellate courts, including the United States Supreme Court. He has been a senior fellow at the Brookings Institution in Washington and led both a national non-profit organization and a private research firm with clients all over the United States. Orfield was elected to both the Minnesota House of Representatives and Senate, where he was the architect of a series of important legislative changes in land use, fair housing, and school and local government aid programs. Recently, Orfield served on the National Commission on Fair Housing and Equal Opportunity, as an academic advisor to the Congressional Black Caucus, an advisor to President Obama's transition team for urban policy, to the White House Office of Urban Affairs, and as special consultant to the HUD's Office for Fair Housing and Equal Opportunity. At FHEO he assisted in the development of the Fair Housing Act's Discriminatory Effects Standard (the "disparate impact" rule) (78 Fed. Reg. 11460) and the proposed Affirmatively Furthering Fair Housing rule (78 Fed.Reg. 43708).

Professor Orfield graduated, summa cum laude, from the University of Minnesota, was a graduate student at Princeton University, and has a J.D. from the University of Chicago, where received the Patino Fellowship, served on the University of Chicago Law Review and was a finalist in the Hinton Moot Court competition. Following law school, he clerked for the United States Court of Appeals for the 8th Circuit and then returned to the University of Chicago Law School as a Research Associate and Bradley Fellow at the Center for Studies in Criminal Justice. His early articles on the impact of the exclusionary rule on police behavior continue to be widely cited.

For further information on Professor Orfield, please consult his curriculum vitae.


PUBLICATIONS

Books

Region: Planning the Future of the Twin Cities (University of Minnesota Press, 2010) (with Thomas F. Luce, Jr.)

American Metropolitics: The New Suburban Reality (Brookings Institution Press, 2002)

Metropolitics: A Regional Agenda for Community and Stability (Brookings Institution Press, 1997)

Book Chapters

Failed Promises: Assessing Charter Schools in the Twin Cities, in Educational Delusions?: Why Choice Can Deepen Inequality and How to Make Schools Fair (Gary Orfield, Erica Frankenberg & Associates, eds., University of California Press, 2013) (with Baris Gumus-Dawes & Thomas Luce)

The State of Public Schools in Post-Katrina New Orleans: The Challenge of Creating Equal Opportunity, in Educational Delusions?: Why Choice Can Deepen Inequality and How to Make Schools Fair (Gary Orfield & Erica Frankenberg, eds., University of California Press, 2013) (with Baris Gumus-Dawes & Thomas Luce)

Dividing Lines: East Versus West in Minneapolis Suburbs, in The Resegregation of Suburban Schools: A Hidden Crisis in American Education (Erica Frankenberg & Gary Orfield, eds., Harvard Education Press, 2012) (with Baris Gumus-Dawes & Thomas Luce)

Linking Housing and School Integration to Growth Management, in Integrating Schools in a Changing Society: New Policies and Legal Options for a Multiracial Generation (Erica Frankenberg & Elizabeth Debray, eds., University of North Carolina Press, 2011)

Beyond Segregation: Toward a Shared Vision of Our Regions, in Breakthrough Communities: Sustainability and Justice in the Next American Metropolis (M. Paloma Pavel, ed., MIT Press, 2009)

Governing American Metropolitan Areas: Spatial Policy and Regional Governance, in Megaregions: Planning for Global Competitiveness (Catherine L. Ross, ed., Island Press, 2009) (with Thomas F. Luce, Jr.)

Impediments to the Integration of Immigrants: A Case Study in the Twin Cities, in Twenty-First Century Gateways: Immigrant Incorporation in Suburban America (Audrey Singer, Susan Wiley Hardwick & Caroline Brettell, eds., Brookings Institution Press, 2008) (with Katherine Fennelly)

Atlanta Metropatterns: A Regional Agenda for Community and Stability, in Urban Sprawl: A Comprehensive Reference Guide (David Soule, ed., Greenwood Press, 2006)

Building Regional Coalitions between Cities and Suburbs, in Growing Smarter: Achieving Livable Communities, Environmental Justice, and Regional Equity (Robert D. Bullard, ed., MIT Press, 2006)

The Region: The True City, in Toward the Livable City (Emilie Buchwald, ed., Milkweed Editions, 2003)

Politics and Regionalism, in Urban Sprawl: Causes, Consequences & Policy Responses (Gregory D. Squires, ed., Urban Institute Press, 2002)

Tax Equity and Land Use, in Charter of the New Urbanism (Michael Leccese & Kathleen McCormick, eds., McGraw Hill, 2000)

The Need for Coalition, in Metro Futures: Economic Solutions for Cities and Their Suburbs (Daniel D. Luria & Joel Rogers, eds., Beacon Press, 1999)

The Need for Tax Base Sharing, in The Value of Land: Annual Review (Lincoln Institute of Land Policy, 1998) (debate with Professor William Fischel)

Model Tax Sharing Legislation Statute, in Growing Smart Legislative Guidebook: Model Statutes for Planning and the Management of Change (American Planning Association, Phase I interim ed., 1996)

Tax Equity Devices and Tax Relief Programs, in Growing Smart Legislative Guidebook: Model Statutes for Planning and the Management of Change (American Planning Association, Phase I interim ed., 1996)

Journal Articles

Milliken, Meredith and Metropolitan Segregation, 62 UCLA Law Review (forthcoming 2014)

Charters, Choice and the Constitution, 2014 University of Chicago Legal Forum (forthcoming 2014)

Regional Educational Policy Analysis: Rochester, Omaha, and Minneapolis' Inter-District Arrangements, Educational Policy (OnlineFirst Version, Feb. 6, 2014) (with Kara S. Finnigan, Jennifer Jellison Holme, Thomas Luce, Sarah Diem, Allison Mattheis & Nadine D. Hylton)

America's Racially Diverse Suburbs: Opportunities and Challenges, 23 Housing Policy Debate 395 (2013) (with Thomas F. Luce)

Regional Strategies for Racial Integration of Schools and Housing Post-Parents Involved, 29 Law and Inequality 149 (2011)

A Missed Opportunity: Minnesota's Failed Experiment with Choice-Based Integration, 35 William Mitchell Law Review 936 (2009) (with Margaret Hobday & Geneva Finn)

Parcel Data for Research and Policy, 3 Geography Compass 698 (2009) (with Steven M. Manson, Heather A. Sander, Debarchana Ghosh, J. Michael Oakes, William J. Craig, Thomas F. Luce, Jr., Eric Myott & Shipeng Sun)

The Minnesota Fiscal Disparities Act of 1971: The Twin Cities' Struggle and Blueprint for Regional Cooperation, 33 William Mitchell Law Review 591 (2007) (with Nicholas Wallace)

The Region and Taxation: School Finance, Cities, and the Hope for Regional Reform, 55 Buffalo Law Review 91 (2007)

Choice, Equal Protection, and Metropolitan Integration: The Hope of the Minneapolis Desegregation Settlement, 24 Law and Inequality 269 (2006)

Land Use and Housing Policies to Reduce Concentrated Poverty and Racial Segregation, 33 Fordham Urban Law Journal 877 (2006)

Racial Integration and Community Revitalization: Applying the Fair Housing Act to the Low Income Housing Tax Credit, 58 Vanderbilt Law Review 1747 (2005)

Segregation and Environmental Justice, 7 Minnesota Journal of Law, Science & Technology 147 (2005)

Comment, 13 Housing Policy Debate 659 (2003) (commenting on Scott A. Bollen, In Through the Back Door: Social Equity and Regional Governance, 13 Housing Policy Debate 631 (2003))

Metropolitics: A Regional Agenda for Community and Stability, 28:2 Forum for Social Economics 33 (Mar. 1999)

Suburbs in Flux, 57 Urban Land 42 (1998) (with Jonathan Miller)

Economic and Racial Polarization in Twin Cities Schools, 17 Hamline Journal of Public Law & Policy 271 (1996)

Deterrence, Perjury, and the Heater Factor: An Exclusionary Rule in the Chicago Criminal Courts, 63 University of Colorado Law Review 75 (1992)

The Exclusionary Rule and Deterrence: An Empirical Study of Chicago Police Narcotics Officers, 54 University of Chicago Law Review 1016 (1987) (comment)

Documents and Reports

Charter Schools in the Twin Cities: 2013 Update (Institute on Metropolitan Opportunity, Oct. 2013) (with Thomas Luce)

Open Enrollment and Racial Segregation in the Twin Cities: 2000 - 2010 (Institute on Metropolitan Opportunity, Jan. 2013) (with Thomas Luce)

America's Racially Diverse Suburbs: Opportunities and Challenges (Institute on Metropolitan Opportunity, July 2012) (with Thomas Luce)

Update of "Failed Promises: Assessing Charter Schools in the Twin Cities" (Institute on Race and Poverty, Jan. 2012)

Distributing the Benefits and Burdens of Growth: Metropolitan Equity in the Portland Region (Institute on Race and Poverty, Oct. 2009)

Segregated Communities: Segregated Finance ((Institute on Race and Poverty, Aug. 2009)

A Comprehensive Strategy to Integrate Twin Cities Schools and Neighborhoods (Institute on Race and Poverty, July 2009)

Communities in Crisis: Race and Mortgage Lending in the Twin Cities (Institute on Race and Poverty, Feb. 2009)

Failed Promises: Assessing Charter Schools in the Twin Cities (Institute on Race and Poverty, Nov. 2008)

A National Survey of Local Land-Use Regulations: Steps Toward a Beginning (Robert W. Burchell & Michael L. Lahr, Principal Investigators, Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Affairs, Rutgers University, July 2008) (Associate Investigator)

Northeast Ohio Economic Revenue Study: Northeast Ohio Metropatterns (Ameregis, Feb. 2008) (with Thomas Luce)

Detroit Metropatterns: A Regional Agenda for Community and Prosperity in Detroit (Ameregis, 2008) (with Thomas Luce)

The Choice Is Ours: Expanding Educational Opportunity for all Twin Cities Children (Institute on Race and Poverty, 2007)

Digital Justice: Progress Toward Digital Inclusion in Minnesota (Institute on Race and Poverty, Dec. 2006)

Bluegrass Metropatterns: An Agenda for Economic and Community Progress in Central Kentucky (Metropolitan Area Research Corporation, Oct. 2006) (with Thomas Luce)

Minority Suburbanization, Stable Integration, and Economic Opportunity in Fifteen Metropolitan Regions (Institute on Race & Poverty, Feb. 2006)

Growth Pressures on Sensitive Natural Areas in DNR's Central Region (Metropolitan Area Research Corporation, 2006)

Job Growth and Commuting Patterns in the Twin Cities Metropolitan Area -- 1990-2000 (Institute on Race and Poverty, 2006)

The Effects of School Characteristics on Incarceration Rates in Minnesota (Institute on Race and Poverty, 2006)

Segregation, Minority Suburbanization and Fiscal Equity in the Detroit Metropolitan Area (Ameregis, May 2004) (with Thomas Luce)

Atlanta Metropatterns: A Regional Agenda for Community and Stability (Metropolitan Area Research Corporation, Oct. 2003) (with Thomas Luce)

Miami Valley Metropatterns: A Regional Agenda for Community and Stability in the Miami Valley (Metropolitan Area Research Corporation, Oct. 2003) (with Thomas Luce)

Toledo Metropatterns: A Regional Agenda for Community and Stability in Toledo (Metropolitan Area Research Corporation, Aug. 2003)

Genesee County Metropatterns: A Regional Agenda for Community and Stability in Genesee County, Michigan (Metropolitan Area Research Corporation, Apr. 2003) (with Thomas Luce)

Michigan Metropatterns: A Regional Agenda for Community and Stability in Michigan (Metropolitan Area Research Corporation, Apr. 2003) (Part I) (with Thomas Luce)

Michigan Metropatterns: A Regional Agenda for Community and Stability in Michigan (Metropolitan Area Research Corporation, Apr. 2003) (Part II) (with Thomas Luce)

New Jersey Metropatterns: A Regional Agenda for Community and Stability in New Jersey (Metropolitan Area Research Corporation, Apr. 2003) (with Thomas Luce)

Connecticut Metropatterns: A Regional Agenda for Community and Prosperity in Connecticut (Metropolitan Area Research Corporation, Mar. 2003) (Part I) (with Thomas Luce)

Connecticut Metropatterns: A Regional Agenda for Community and Prosperity in Connecticut (Metropolitan Area Research Corporation, Mar. 2003) (Part II) (with Thomas Luce)

Economic and Racial Segregation in Greater Miami's Elementary Schools: Trends Shaping Metropolitan Growth (Brookings Institution Center on Urban and Metropolitan Policy, 2003) (with Anne Discher & Thomas Luce)

The Minnesota Statewide Racial Profiling Report: All Participating Jurisdictions (Institute on Race & Poverty and the Council on Crime & Justice, 2003)

Ohio Metropatterns: A Regional Agenda for Community and Stability (Metropolitan Area Research Corporation, Dec. 2002) (Part I) (with Thomas Luce)

Ohio Metropatterns: A Regional Agenda for Community and Stability (Metropolitan Area Research Corporation, Dec. 2002) (Part II) (with Thomas Luce)

Municipal Fiscal Conditions in Northern Kentucky: Boone, Campbell and Kenton Counties (Metropolitan Area Research Corporation, Oct. 2002) (with Thomas Luce)

California Metropatterns: A Regional Agenda for Community and Stability in California (Metropolitan Area Research Corporation, Apr. 2002) (Part I) (with Thomas Luce)

California Metropatterns: A Regional Agenda for Community and Stability in California (Metropolitan Area Research Corporation, Apr. 2002) (Part II) (with Thomas Luce)

Wisconsin Metropatterns: Regional Cooperation, Economic Growth, and Environmental Protection (Metropolitan Area Research Corporation, Feb. 2002) (with Thomas Luce)

Valuing America's First Suburbs: A Policy Agenda for Older Suburbs in the Midwest (Brookings Institution Center on Urban and Metropolitan Policy, 2002) (with Robert Puentes)

Boston Metropatterns: A Regional Agenda for Community and Stability in Greater Boston (Metropolitan Area Research Corporation, Oct. 2001) (with Thomas Luce & Benjamin Oleson)

Erie Metropatterns: A Regional Agenda for Community and Stability in the Erie Region (Metropolitan Area Research Corporation, Oct. 2001) (with Thomas Luce)

Northeast Ohio Metropatterns: A Regional Agenda for Community and Stability in the Northeast Ohio Region (Metropolitan Area Research Corporation, Sept. 2001) (with Thomas Luce, Robert Kleidman & Benjamin Oleson)

Ohio's Mahoning Valley Regional Metropatterns: A Regional Agenda for Community and Stability (Metropolitan Area Research Corporation, Sept. 2001) (with Thomas Luce)

Cincinnati Metropatterns: A Regional Agenda for Community and Stability in the Cincinnati Region (Metropolitan Area Research Corporation, Aug. 2001) (with Thomas Luce)

Central Valley Metropatterns: Regional Challenges in California's Central Valley (Metropolitan Area Research Corporation, Jan. 2001) (Part I)

Central Valley Metropatterns: Regional Challenges in California's Central Valley (Metropolitan Area Research Corporation, Jan. 2001) (Part II)

Puget Sound Metropatterns: Social Separation and Sprawl in the Puget Sound Region (Metropolitan Area Research Corporation, Dec. 2000)

Kentucky's Rural/Metropolitan Fiscal Divide: A Statewide Agenda for Sustainable Communities (Metropolitan Area Research Corporation, May 2000)

Denver Metropolitics: A Regional Agenda for Community and Stability (Metropolitan Area Research Corporation, Apr. 2000)

Saginaw Metropolitics: A Regional Agenda for Community and Stability (Metropolitan Area Research Corporation, Oct. 2000)

San Diego Metropolitics: A Regional Agenda for Community and Stability (Metropolitan Area Research Corporation, Aug. 1999)

St. Louis Metropolitics: A Regional Agenda for Community and Stability (Metropolitan Area Research Corporation, Aug. 1999)

Washington Metropolitics: A Regional Agenda for Community and Stability (Metropolitan Area Research Corporation, July 1999)

Pittsburgh Metropolitics: A Regional Agenda for Community and Stability (Metropolitan Area Research Corporation, June 1999)

Grand Rapids Area Metropolitics: A West Michigan Agenda for Community and Stability (Metropolitan Area Research Corporation, May 1999)

Seattle Metropolitics: A Regional Agenda for Community and Stability in the Puget Sound Region (Metropolitan Area Research Corporation, May 1999)

Detroit Metropolitics: A Regional Agenda for Community and Stability (Metropolitan Area Research Corporation, Jan. 1999)

A Region Divided: The State of Growth in Washington, D.C. (Brookings Institution Center on Urban and Metropolitan Policy, 1999)

Atlanta Metropolitics: A Regional Agenda for Community and Stability (Metropolitan Area Program, American Land Institute, Dec. 1998)

Portland Metropolitics: A Regional Agenda for Community and Stability (Metropolitan Area Program, American Land Institute, July 1998)

Los Angeles Metropatterns: Social Separation and Sprawl in the Los Angeles Region (Metropolitan Area Research Corporation, 1998)

Milwaukee Metropolitics: A Regional Agenda for Community and Stability (Metropolitan Area Program, American Land Institute, May 1998)

San Francisco Bay Area Metropolitics: A Regional Agenda for Community and Stability Metropolitan Area Program, American Land Institute, May 1998) (Part I)

San Francisco Bay Area Metropolitics: A Regional Agenda for Community and Stability Metropolitan Area Program, American Land Institute, May 1998) (Part II)

Baltimore Metropolitics: A Regional Agenda for Community and Stability (Metropolitan Area Program, American Land Institute, Mar. 1998)

Chicago Metropolitics: A Regional Agenda for Members of the U.S. Congress (Metropolitan Area Program, American Land Institute, 1998)

Philadelphia Metropolitics: A Regional Agenda for Community and Stability (Metropolitan Area Program, American Land Institute, Mar. 1997)

Chicago Regional Report: A Report to the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation (Metropolitan Area Program, American Land Institute, Oct. 1996)

Other Publications

When the Feds Won't Act: School Desegregation, State Courts, and Minnesota's The Choice is Yours Program, 17 Poverty & Race (bimonthly newsletter of the Poverty & Race Research Action Council) (Jan./Feb. 2008) (with Baris Gumus-Dawes)

Expanding Educational Opportunity Through School and Housing Choice, 37 CURA Reporter 19 (Summer 2007) (with Nicholas Wallace)

Access to Growing Job Centers in the Twin Cities Metropolitan Area, 36 CURA Reporter 3 (Spring 2006) (with Thomas Luce & Jill Mazullo)

An Activist's Guide to Metropolitics: Building Coalitions for Reform in America's Metropolitan Areas (Metropolitan Area Research Corporation, Oct. 2003) (with Thomas Luce)

Regional Coalition-Building and the Inner Suburbs, Shelterforce (Jan./Feb. 1998)

Conflict or Consensus?: Forty Years of Minnesota Metropolitan Politics, 16:4 Brookings Review 31 (Fall 1998)

Metropolitics: Coalitions for Regional Reform, 15:1 Brookings Review 6 (Winter 1997)

The "Push-Pull" of Regional Polarization, Lusk Forum (University of Southern California Lusk Center for Real Estate) (1997)

Brief for the Townships of Pennsauken and Montclair, New Jersey, In re Adoption of N.J.A.C. 5:96 and 5:97, No. 67,126; A-90/91/92/93/94 (June 15, 2011)

Brief for Myron Orfield et al., as Amici Curiae Supporting Plaintiffs, Jackson v. MERS Inc., 770 N.W.2d 487 (2009) (Minn. filed Apr. 21, 2008)

Brief for Housing Scholars and Research & Advocacy Organizations as Amici Curiae Supporting Respondents, Parents Involved in Community Schools v. Seattle School Dist. No. 1, 127 S.Ct. 2738 (2006) (U.S. filed Oct. 10, 2006)

Brief for Myron Orfield and john a. powell as Amici Curiae Supporting Appellants, In re Adoption of the 2003 Low Income Housing Tax Credit Qualified Allocation Plan, 369 N.J. Super. 2, 848 A.2d 1 (2004)

COURSES

Local Government
Land Use Planning

Seminars

Cities and Suburbs
Smart Growth