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David S. Weissbrodt

Regents Professor and Fredrikson & Byron Professor of Law

David S. Weissbrodt

434 Mondale Hall
229–19th Ave. South
Minneapolis, MN 55455

612-625-5027

weiss001@umn.edu

Columbia University, A.B.
University of California at Berkeley, J.D.

Professor David S. Weissbrodt is a distinguished and widely published scholar of international human rights law. He teaches international human rights law, administrative law, immigration law, and torts. In 2005, he was appointed as the first Regents Professor at the Law School. Since 1998 he also been the Fredrikson and Byron Professor of Law. He was the Briggs and Morgan Professor of Law for 1989-97 and the Julius E. Davis Professor of Law for 1985-86.

Professor Weissbrodt attended Columbia University and the London School of Economics. He received his J.D. degree from the University of California at Berkeley (Boalt Hall), where he was Note and Comment Editor of the California Law Review and a member of the Order of the Coif. After graduation, he clerked for Justice Mathew O. Tobriner of the California Supreme Court and practiced law with Covington & Burling.

He joined the University of Minnesota Law School faculty in 1975 and has been a Visiting Professor at the Université Jean Moulin in Lyon, France; the Graduate Institute of International Studies in Geneva, Switzerland; Kellogg College, Oxford University; the U.N. University in Tokyo; and the Monash University Law School in Melbourne, Australia. He established the University of Minnesota Human Rights Center and helped establish the University of Minnesota Human Rights Library online. He has represented and served as an officer or board member of the Advocates for Human Rights, Amnesty International, the Center for Victims of Torture, the International Human Rights Internship Program, Readers International, and the International League for Human Rights.

During 1996-2003 he served as a member of the United Nations Sub-Commission on the Promotion and Protection of Human Rights and was elected Chairperson of the Sub-Commission for 2001-02. He also was designated the U.N. Special Rapporteur on the rights of non-citizens for 2000-03. In 2005 he was selected as a member of the Board of Trustees of the U.N. Trust Fund for Contemporary Forms of Slavery and in 2008 he was elected Chairperson of the Board. In 1998 he was awarded the Twin Cities International Citizen Award. In 1999, the University of Minnesota honored Professor Weissbrodt with its Outstanding Community Service Award. In 2003 Minnesota Advocates for Human Rights gave him its annual Human Rights Award. He is a member of the American Law Institute, the American Society of International Law, and on the editorial review boards of Human Rights Quarterly and the Netherlands Quarterly of Human Rights.

PUBLICATIONS

Books

The Development of International Human Rights Law (Ashgate Publishing, 2014) (co-editor with Fionnuala Ní Aoláin & Mary Rumsey)

The Common Law Process of Torts (LexisNexis, 2d ed., 2012) (with Mary Patricia Byrn & Donald Marshall)

Immigration Law and Procedure in a Nutshell (Thomson/West, 5th ed., 2005; 6th ed., 2011) (with Laura Danielson)

Vulnerable and Marginalised Groups and Human Rights (Edward Elgar, 2011) (co-editor with Mary Rumsey)

Encyclopedia of Human Rights (David P. Forsythe, editor in chief, Oxford University Press, 2009) (senior editor with others)

International Human Rights: Law, Policy, and Process (LexisNexis, 4th ed., 2009) (with Fionnuala Ní Aoláin & others)

Selected International Human Rights Instruments and Bibliography for Research on International Human Rights (LexisNexis, 4th ed., 2009) (with Fionnuala Ní Aoláin, Mary Rumsey & others)

The Human Rights of Non-citizens (Oxford University Press, 2008)

International Human Rights Law: An Introduction (University of Pennsylvania Press, 2007) (with Connie de la Vega)

The Common Law Process of Torts (Anderson Publishing Co., 2003) (with Donald Marshall)

Abolishing Slavery and Its Contemporary Forms (Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, United Nations, 2002) (U.N. Doc. HR/PUB/02/4) (with Anti-Slavery International)

International Human Rights: Law, Policy, and Process (Anderson Publishing, 3d ed., 2001) (with Joan Fitzpatrick & Frank Newman)

Selected International Human Rights Instruments and Bibliography for Research on International Human Rights Law (Anderson Publishing, 3d ed., 2001) (with Joan Fitzpatrick, Frank Newman, Marci Hoffman & Mary Rumsey)

The Right to a Fair Trial under the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, 2001)

Training Manual on Human Rights Monitoring (United Nations Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights, 2001) (Professional Training Series No. 7; U.N. Doc. HR/P/PT/7)

Immigration Law and Procedure in a Nutshell (West Publishing, 1st ed., 1984; 2nd ed., 1989; 3rd ed., 1992; 4th ed., 1998)

The Right to a Fair Trial (Springer, 1997) (co-editor with Rüdiger Wolfrum)

International Human Rights: Law, Policy, and Process (Anderson Publishing, 1st ed. 1990, Supp. 1994; 2d ed., 1996) (with Frank Newman)

Selected International Human Rights Instruments and Bibliography for Research on International Human Rights Law (Anderson Publishing, 1996) (with Frank Newman)

Human Rights and Pre-trial Detention: A Handbook of International Standards Relating to Pre-trial Detention (United Nations, 1994) (U.N. Doc. HR/P/PT/3)

The U.N. Commission on Human Rights, Its Sub-commission, and Related Procedures: An Orientation Manual (Minnesota Advocates for Human Rights; International Service for Human Rights, 1993) (in English and French versions) (with Penny Parker)

The U.N. Commission on Human Rights: An Orientation Manual for Non-Governmental Organizations (Minnesota Lawyers International Human Rights Committee; International Service for Human Rights, 1988) (in English and French versions) (with Penny Parker)

Book Chapters

International Fair Trial Guarantees, in The Oxford Handbook of International Law in Armed Conflict 410 (Andrew Clapham & Paola Gaeta, eds., Oxford University Press, 2014)

United Nations Treaty Bodies and Migrant Workers, in Research Handbook on International Law and Migration 303 (Vincent Chetail & Celine Bauloz, eds., Edward Elgar, 2014) (with Justin Rhodes)

Roles and Responsibilities of Non-State Actors, in The Oxford Handbook of International Human Rights Law 719 (Dinah Shelton, ed., Oxford University Press, 2013)

The Right to a Fair Trial in an Extraordinary Court, in Guantanamo and Beyond: Exceptional Courts and Military Commissions in Comparative Perspective 305 (Fionnuala Ni Aolain & Oren Gross, eds, Cambridge University Press, 2013) (with Joseph C. Hansen)

International Human Rights of Migrants, in Foundations of International Migration Law 152 (Brian Opeskin, Richard Perruchoud & Jillyanne Redpath-Cross, eds., Cambridge University Press, 2012) (with Michael Divine)

Recent Developments in the Human Rights of Trafficked Persons, in Human Rights and Migration: Trafficking for Forced Labour 193 (Christien van den Anker & Ilse van Liempt, eds., Palgrave Macmillan, 2012) (with Steve Meili)

The Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination and International Humanitarian Law, in Coexistence, Cooperation and Solidarity: Liber Amicorum Rudiger Wolfrum 633 (Holger Hestermeyer et al., eds., Martinus Nijhoff, 2012)

Protecting the Fair Trial Rights of the Accused in International Criminal Law: Comparison of the International Criminal Court and the Military Commissions in Guantanamo, in Research Handbook on International Criminal Law 261 (Bartram S. Brown, ed., Edward Elgar, 2011) (with Kristin K. Zinsmaster)

United Nations Charter-based Procedures for Addressing Human Rights Violations: Historical Practice, Reform, and Future Implications, in The Delivery of Human Rights: Essays in Honour of Professor Sir Nigel Rodley 13 (Geoff Gilbert, Françoise Hampson & Clara Sandoval, eds., Routledge, 2011)

International Law and Child Labour, in Child Labour: A Public Health Perspective 79 (Anaclaudia G. Fassa, David L. Parker & Thomas J. Scanlon, eds., Oxford University Press, 2010) (with Natalie Kohner)

Rapport Introductif: The Sub-Commission Principles on the Responsibility of Transnational Corporations in Regard to Human Rights, in La responsabilité des entreprises multinationales en matière de droits de l'homme 103 (Droit et Justice No. 89, Bruylant, 2010)

The Protection of Non-Citizens in International Human Rights Law, in International Migration Law: Developing Paradigms and Key Challenges 221 (Ryszard Cholewinski, Richard Perruchoud & Euan MacDonald, eds., T.M.C. Asser Press, 2007)

The Role of National Human Rights Institutions, in Implementing Human Rights: Essays in Honour of Morten Kjaerum 139 (Rikke Frank Jorgensen & Klaus Slavensky, eds., Copenhagen Danish Institute for Human Rights, 2007)

International Law of Economic, Social, and Cultural Rights: A U.S. Perspective, in Economic Rights in Canada and the United States 41 (Rhoda E. Howard-Hassmann & Claude E. Welch, Jr., eds., University of Pennsylvania Press, 2006)

Human Rights Responsibilities of Businesses as Non-State Actors, in Non-State Actors and Human Rights 553 (Philip Alston, ed., Oxford University Press, 2005) (with Muria Kruger)

Die Erarbeitung der UN-Menschenrechtsnaormen für Transnationale Konzerne und andere Wirtschaftsundernehmen, in Unternehmen in der Weltpolitik: Politiknetzwerke, Unternehmensregeln und die Zukunft des Multilateralismus (Tanja Brühl, Heidi Feldt, Brigitte Hamm, Hartwig Hummel & Jens Martens, eds., Dietz, J H, 2004)

Preface, in Richard Kagan, Matthew Oh & David Weissbrodt, Human Rights in the Democratic People's Republic of Korea = Kita Chosen no jinken (Rengo shuppan, Japanese ed., 2004)

United Nations Non-treaty Procedures for Dealing with Human Rights Violations, in Guide to International Human Rights Practice 65 (Hurst Hannum, ed., Transnational Publishers, 4th ed., 2004) (with Nigel Rodley)

Business and Human Rights, in Human Rights and Criminal Justice for the Downtrodden: Essays in Honour of Asbjorn Eide 421 (Morten Bergsmo, ed., Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, 2003) (with Muria Kruger)

Human Rights and Responsibilities of Individuals and Non-State Entities, in Justice Pending: Indigenous Peoples and Other Good Causes: Essays in Honour of Erica-Irene A. Daes 239 (Gudmunder Alfredsson & Maria Stavropolou, eds., Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, 2002)

Human Rights and International Law and Institutions, in Common Law, Common Values, Common Rights: Essays on our Common Heritage 93 (West Group as a collaborative effort with American Bar Association, 2000)

The Beginning of a Sessional Working Group on Transnational Corporations within the UN Sub-Commission on the Prevention of Discrimination and Protection of Minorities, in Liability of Multinational Corporations Under International Law 119 (Menno T. Kamminga & Saman Zia-Zarifi, eds., Kluwer Law International, 2000)

Concluding Remarks on the Fiftieth Anniversary of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, in Innovation and Inspiration: Fifty Years of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights 211 (Peter Baehr, Cees Flinterman & Mignon Senders, eds., Royal Academy of Arts and Sciences, 1999)

Defending Rights Around the Globe: Minnesota's Contributions to International Human Rights, in For the Record: 150 Years of Law & Lawyers in Minnesota: An Illustrated History 224 (Wood R. Foster, Jr. & Marvin R. Anderson, eds., Minnesota State Bar Association, 1999) (with Donald Fraser & Barbara Frey)

Non-State Entities and Human Rights within the Context of the Nation-State in the 21st Century, in The Role of the Nation-State in the 21st Century: Human Rights, International Organisations, and Foreign Policy: Essays in Honour of Peter Baehr 175 (Monique Castermans-Holleman, Fried van Hoof & Jacqueline Smith, eds., Kluwer Law International, 1998)

Preface, in Fair Trials Manual 1 (Amnesty International Publications, 1998)

Reminiscences of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, in Reflections on the Universal Declaration of Human Rights: A Fiftieth Anniversary Anthology 317 (Barend van der Heijden & Bahia Tahzib-Lie, eds., Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, 1998)

U.N. Implementation of the Prohibition against Torture as to Turkey, in 20 Ans Consacre a la Realisation d'une Idee: Recueil d'Articles en l'honneur de Jean-Jacques Gautier 249 (Claudine Haenni, ed., Association pour la Prevention de la Torture, 1997)

Ways International Organizations Can Improve Their Implementation of Human Rights and Humanitarian Law in Situations of Armed Conflict, in New Directions in Human Rights 63 (Ellen L. Lutz, Hurst Hannum & Kathryn J. Burke, eds., University of Pennsylvania Press, 1989)

The Development of International Human Rights Law, in The Universal Declaration of Human Rights 1948-1988: Human Rights, the United Nations and Amnesty International 17 (Amnesty International, 1988) (with Teresa O'Toole)

A Note on Amnesty International's Work on Behalf of Prisoners of Conscience, in The Universal Declaration of Human Rights 1948-1988: Human Rights, the United Nations and Amnesty International 101 (Amnesty International, 1988)

A Note on Amnesty International's Work for Fair Trials in Political Cases, in The Universal Declaration of Human Rights 1948-1988: Human Rights, the United Nations and Amnesty International 105 (Amnesty International, 1988)

Human Rights: An Historical Perspective, in Human Rights 1 (Peter Davies, ed., Routledge, 1988)

Protecting the Right to Life: International Measures Against Arbitrary or Summary Killings by Governments, in The Right to Life in International Law 297 (B.G. Ramcharan, ed., Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, 1985) (revised version of International Measures Against Arbitrary Killings by Governments, 77 Proceedings of the American Society of International Law 378 (1983))

The Contribution of International Nongovernmental Organizations to the Protection of Human Rights, in Human Rights in International Law: Legal and Policy Issues 403 (Theodor Meron, ed., Clarendon Press, 1984) (updated version of The Role of Nongovernmental Organizations in the Implementation of Human Rights, 12 Texas International Law Journal 293 (1977))

The Process of Observing Elections, in Guidelines for International Election Observing (Larry Garber, ed., International Human Rights Law Group, 1984)

Fact-finding by Nongovernmental Organizations, in International Law and Fact-finding in the Field of Human Rights 186 (B.G. Ramcharan, ed., Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, 1982) (with James McCarthy)

The Influence of Interest Groups on the Development of United States Foreign Policies, in The Dynamics of Human Rights in U.S. Foreign Policy 229 (Natalie Kaufman Hevener, ed., Transaction Books, 1981) (with David Kramer)

Domestic Legal Activity in Furtherance of International Human Rights Goals, in Implementing International Human Rights Through the Domestic Legal Process: Papers 10 (William D. Raymond, ed., John Bassett Moore Society of International Law, 1975)

Journal Articles

Cyber-Conflict, Cyber-Crime, and Cyber-Espionage, 22 Minnesota Journal of International Law 347 (2013)

Applying International Human Rights Standards to the Restraint and Seclusion of Students with Disabilities, 30 Law and Inequality 287 (2012) (with Willy Madeira, Daniel Stewart & William Dikel)

Defining Torture and Cruel, Inhuman, and Degrading Treatment, 29 Law and Inequality 343 (2011) (with Cheryl Heilman)

The Role of the Committee on the Rights of the Child in Interpreting and Developing International Humanitarian Law, 24 Harvard Human Rights Journal 115 (2011) (with Joseph C. Hansen & Nathaniel H. Nesbitt)

The Role of the United States Supreme Court in Interpreting and Developing Humanitarian Law, 95 Minnesota Law Review 1339 (2011) (with Nathaniel H. Nesbitt)

Book Review, 32 Human Rights Quarterly 207 (2010) (reviewing Michael Kerr, Richard Janda & Chip Pitts, Corporate Social Responsibility: A Legal Analysis (Chip Pitts, ed., LexisNexis Canada, 2009)) (review essay)

Human Rights and Protection of Non-Citizens: Whither Universality and Indivisibility of Rights?, 28 Refugee Survey Quarterly 34 (2010), reprinted in Vulnerable and Marginalised Groups and Human Rights (David Weissbrodt & Mary Rumsey, eds., Edward Elgar, 2011) (with Steve Meili)

The Approach of the Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination to Interpreting and Applying International Humanitarian Law, 19 Minnesota Journal of International Law 327 (2010)

The Role of the Human Rights Committee in Interpreting and Developing Humanitarian Law, 31 University of Pennsylvania Journal of International Law 1185 (2010)

The Administration of Justice and Human Rights, 1 City University of Hong Kong Law Review 23 (2009)

Fair Trials? The Manual for Military Commissions in Light of Common Article 3 and Other International Law, 26 Law and Inequality 353 (2008) (with Andrea W. Templeton)

Keynote Address: International Standard-Setting on the Human Rights Responsibilities of Businesses, 26 Berkeley Journal of International Law 373 (2008)

Remedies for Undocumented Noncitizens in the Workplace: Using International Law to Narrow the Holding of Hoffman Plastic Compounds, Inc. v. NLRB, 92 Minnesota Law Review 1424 (2008)

Extraordinary Rendition and the Humanitarian Law of War and Occupation, 47 Virginia Journal of International Law 295 (2007) (with Amy Bergquist)

Methods of the "War on Terror", 16 Minnesota Journal of International Law 371 (2007) (with Amy Bergquist)

Extraordinary Rendition and the Torture Convention, 46 Virginia Journal of International Law 585 (2006) (with Amy Bergquist)

Extraordinary Rendition: A Human Rights Analysis, 19 Harvard Human Rights Journal 123 (2006) (with Amy Bergquist)

Piercing the Confidentiality Veil: Physician Testimony in International Criminal Trials Against Perpetrators of Torture, 15 Minnesota Journal of International Law 43 (2006) (with Ferhat Pekin & Amelia Wilson)

Prospects for Ratification of the Convention on the Rights of the Child, 20 Emory International Law Review 209 (2006)

The Absolute Prohibition of Torture and Ill-Treatment, 6 The Long Term View 22 (2006)

The Human Rights of Stateless Persons, 28 Human Rights Quarterly 245 (2006), reprinted in Vulnerable and Marginalised Groups and Human Rights (David Weissbrodt & Mary Rumsey, eds., Edward Elgar, 2011) (with Clay Collins)

Business and Human Rights, 74 University of Cincinnati Law Review 55 (2005), reprinted in Human Rights and Corporations (David Kinley, ed., Ashgate, 2009)

Corporate Human Rights Responsibilities, 6 Zeitschrift fur Wirtschafts- und Unternehmensethik (Journal of Business, Economics & Ethics) 279 (2005)

UN Human Rights Norms for Business, 7 International Law FORUM du droit international 290 (2005)

International Human Rights Law Perspective on Grutter and Gratz, 21 Constitutional Commentary 275 (2004)

The Sub-Commission's Initiative on Human Rights and Intellectual Property, 22 Netherlands Quarterly of Human Rights 181 (2004) (with Kell Schoff)

A Review of the Fifty-Fourth Session of the Sub-Commission on the Promotion and Protection of Human Rights, 21 Netherlands Quarterly of Human Rights 291 (2003) (with Penny Parker, Laura Gerber, Muria Kruger & Joe W. (Chip) Pitts III)

Genesis of the UN Norms of Responsibility and their Significance, 2 New Academy Review 35 (Spring 2003)

Human Rights Approach to Intellectual Property Protection: The Genesis and Application of Sub-Commission Resolution 2000/7, 5 Minnesota Intellectual Property Law Review 1 (2003) (with Kell Schoff)

Norms on the Responsibilities of Transnational Corporations and Other Business Enterprises with Regard to Human Rights, 97 American Journal of International Law 901 (2003) (with Muria Kruger)

A Review of the Fifty-third Session of the Sub-Commission on the Promotion and Protection of Human Rights, 20 Netherlands Quarterly of Human Rights 231 (2002) (with Bret Thiele, Mayra Gomez & Muria Kruger)

A Review of the 51st Session of the United Nations Sub-Commission on Promotion and Protection of Human Rights, 18 Netherlands Quarterly of Human Rights 109 (2000) (with Mayra Gomez & Bret Thiele)

An Analysis of the Fifty-first Session of the United Nations Sub-Commission on the Promotion and Protection of Human Rights, 22 Human Rights Quarterly 788 (2000) (with Mayra Gomez & Bret Thiele)

Travaux Preparatoires of the Fair Trial Provisions--Articles 8 to 11--of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, 21 Human Rights Quarterly 1061 (1999) (with Mattias Hallendorff)

Highlights of the Fiftieth Session of the United Sub-Commission on Prevention of Discrimination and Protection of Minorities, 17 Law and Inequality 445 (1999) (with Mayra Gomez & Bret Thiele)

Review of the Implementation of and Follow-up to the Conventions on Slavery, 42 German Yearbook of International Law 242 (1999) (with Michael Dottridge)

The Principle of Non-Refoulement: Article 3 of the Convention Against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment in Comparison with the Non-Refoulement Provisions of Other International Human Rights Treaties, 5 Buffalo Human Rights Law Review 1 (1999) (with Isabel Hortreiter)

An Analysis of the Forty-ninth Session of the United Nations Sub-Commission on Prevention of Discrimination and Protection of Minorities, 11 Harvard Human Rights Journal 221 (1998) (with Shinobu Garrigues & Roman Kroke)

Brief Summary of the 50th Session of the United Nations Sub-Commission on Prevention of Discrimination and Protection of Minorities, 16 Netherlands Quarterly of Human Rights 553 (1998) (with Mayra Gomez & Bret Thiele)

Univerzalna deklaracija o ljudskim pravima, 1-2 Ljudska Prava 19 (1998)

Review of Developments at the 48th Session of the United Nations Sub-Commission on Prevention of Discrimination and Protection of Minorities, 15 Netherlands Quarterly of Human Rights 103 (1997), and 1997 ACLU International Civil Liberties Report 20 (1997) (with Sosamma Samuel)

UNESCO Human Rights Procedure: An Evaluation, 16 Human Rights Quarterly 391 (1994) (with Rose Farley)

United States Human Rights Policy in International Organizations, 15 Whittier Law Review 489 (1994)

Globalization of Constitutional Law and Civil Rights, 43 Journal of Legal Education 261 (1993)

Implementation of Human Rights and Humanitarian Law in Situations of Armed Conflict, 293 International Review of the Red Cross 120 (1993) (with Peggy L. Hicks)

Major Developments at the UN Commission on Human Rights in 1992, 15 Human Rights Quarterly 122 (1993) (with Joe W. (Chip) Pitts III)

The Forty-Fourth Session of the UN Sub-Commission on Prevention of Discrimination and Protection of Minorities and the Special Session of the Commission on Human Rights on the Situation in the Former Yugoslavia, 15 Human Rights Quarterly 410 (1993) (with Alya Z. Kayal & Penny L. Parker)

The Forty-Third Session of the UN Sub-Commission on Prevention of Discrimination and Protection of Minorities: The Sub-Commission Under Scrutiny, 14 Human Rights Quarterly 232 (1992) (with Karen Reierson)

Major Developments at the UN Commission on Human Rights in 1991, 13 Human Rights Quarterly 573 (1991) (with Penny Parker)

The 42nd Session of the Sub-Commission on Prevention of Discrimination and Protection of Minorities, 13 Human Rights Quarterly 260 (1991) (with Reed Brody & Maureen Convery)

The Effectiveness of International Human Rights Pressures: The Case of Argentina, 1976-1983, 75 Minnesota Law Review 1009 (1991) (with Maria Luisa Bartolomei)

Major Developments in 1990 at the UN Commission on Human Rights, 12 Human Rights Quarterly 559 (1990) (with Reed Brody & Penny Parker)

Principles against Executions, 13 Hamline Law Review 579 (1990), expanded version of article published at 5 Amnesty International-USA Legal Support Network Newsletter (Fall/Winter 1988) (with Terri Rosen)

The 41st Session of The UN Sub-Commission on Prevention of Discrimination and Protection of Minorities, 12 Human Rights Quarterly 290 (1990) (with Robin N. Maher)

Major Developments at the 1989 Session of the UN Commission on Human Rights, 11 Human Rights Quarterly 586 (1989) (with Reed Brody)

The Fortieth Session of the U.N. Sub-Commission on Prevention of Discrimination and Protection of Minorities, 11 Human Rights Quarterly 295 (1989), expanded version of article published at 5 AIUSA Legal Support Network Newsletter 15 (no. 3, 1988) (with Katherine Brennan & Reed Brody)

Country-related and Thematic Developments at the 1988 Session of the U.N. Commission on Human Rights, 10 Human Rights Quarterly 544 (1988), reprinted in Review of the 44th Session of the U.N. Commission on Human Rights: Hearings before the Subcommittee on Human Rights and International Organizations of the House Committee on Foreign Affairs, 100th Cong., 2d Sess. 11 (1988)

Execution of Juvenile Offenders by the United States Violates International Human Rights Law, 3 American University Journal of International Law & Policy 339 (1988)

International Factfinding in Regard to Torture, 57 Nordic Journal of International Law 151 (1988)

The 39th Session of the UN Sub-Commission on Prevention of Discrimination and Protection of Minorities, 10 Human Rights Quarterly 487 (1988) (with Sonia Rosen)

The Right to Life During Armed Conflict: Disabled Peoples' International v. United States, 29 Harvard International Law Journal 59 (1988) (with Beth Andrus)

The Role of International Organizations in the Implementation of Human Rights and Humanitarian Law in Situations of Armed Conflict, 21 Vanderbilt Journal of Transnational Law 313 (1988)

The United Nations Commission on Human Rights Confirms Conscientious Objection to Military Service as a Human Right, 35 Netherlands International Law Review 53 (1988)

Humanitarian Law in Armed Conflict: The Role of International Nongovernmental Organizations, 24 Journal of Peace Research 297 (1987)

International Legal Action Against Apartheid, 4 Law & Inequality 485 (1986) (with Georgina Mahoney)

The Three "Theme" Special Rapporteurs of the UN Commission on Human Rights, 80 American Journal of International Law 685 (1986)

Ethical Problems of an International Human Rights Practice, 7 Michigan Yearbook of International Legal Studies 217 (1985)

Fact-Finding by Inter-Governmental and Non-Governmental Organizations in Regard to Torture, in International Institute of Human Rights, Recueil des cours: textes et sommaires = Collection of Lectures: Text and Summaries (The Institute, 1985)

United States Foreign Policy and Human Rights: An Overview, 7 Whittier Law Review 697 (1985)

NGOs and the International Standard Setting Process, 3 Mennesker og Rettigheter 20 (1983)

A New United Nations Mechanism for Encouraging the Ratification of Treaties, 4 Human Rights Quarterly 333 (1982) (expanded version of article published at 76 American Journal of International Law 418 (1982))

A New United Nations Mechanism for Encouraging the Ratification of Treaties, 76 American Journal of International Law 418 (1982) (expanded version published at 4 Human Rights Quarterly 333 (1982))

International Trial Observers, 18 Stanford Journal of International Law 27 (1982)

Fact-Finding by International Nongovernmental Human Rights Organizations, 22 Virginia Journal of International Law 1 (1981) (with James McCarthy)

Strategies for the Selection and Pursuit of International Human Rights Objectives, 8 Yale Journal of World Public Order 62 (1981), reprinted in Guide to International Human Rights Practice 20 (Hurst Hannum, ed., University of Pennsylvania Press, 1984)

The 1980 U.N. Commission on Human Rights and the Disappeared, 3 Human Rights Quarterly 18 (1981) (with David Kramer)

United States Ratification of the Human Rights Covenants, 63 Minnesota Law Review 35 (1978), reprinted in International Human Rights Treaties: Hearings before the Senate Committee on Foreign Relations, 96th Cong., 1st Sess. 178 (1979)

Human Rights Legislation and U.S. Foreign Policy, 7 Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law 231 (1977)

The Role of Nongovernmental Organizations in the Implementation of Human Rights, 12 Texas International Law Journal 293 (1977) (updated version published as The Contribution of International Nongovernmental Organizations to the Protection of Human Rights, in Human Rights in International Law: Legal and Policy Issues 403 (Theodor Meron, ed., Clarendon Press, 1984))

Conscientious Objection to Military Service as a Human Right, 9 Review (International Commission of Jurists) 33 (1972) (with Patricia Schaffer)

Exhaustion of Remedies in the Context of the Racial Discrimination Convention, 2 Human Rights Journal 632 (1969) (with Patricia Schaffer)

The Death Penalty Cases, 56 California Law Review 1268 (1968) (comment) (with Michael H. Marcus)

Documents and Reports

The Rights of Non-citizens, U.N. Doc. HR/PUB/06/11 (Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, 2006)

The Rights of Non-citizens: Final Report of the Special Rapporteur, David Weissbrodt, Submitted in Accordance with Sub-Commission Decision 2000/103, Commission Resolution 2000/104 and Economic and Social Council Decision 2000/283, U.N. Doc. E/CN.4/Sub.2/2003/23 (2003)

The Rights of Non-citizens: Progress Report of the Special Rapporteur, Mr. David Weissbrodt, Submitted in Accordance with Sub-Commission Decisions 2000/103 and 2001/108, as well as Commission Decision 2002/107, U.N. Doc. E/CN.4/Sub.2/2002/25 (2002)

The Rights of Non-citizens: Progress Report of the Special Rapporteur, Mr. David Weissbrodt, Submitted in Accordance with Sub-Commission Decisions 2000/103 and 2001/108, as well as Commission Decision 2002/107: Addendum: U.N. Activities, U.N. Doc. E/CN.4/Sub.2/2002/25/Add.1 (2002)

The Rights of Non-citizens: Progress Report of the Special Rapporteur, Mr. David Weissbrodt, Submitted in Accordance with Sub-Commission Decisions 2000/103 and 2001/108, as well as Commission Decision 2002/107: Addendum: Regional Activities, U.N. Doc. E/CN.4/Sub.2/2002/25/Add. 2 (2002)

The Rights of Non-citizens: Progress Report of the Special Rapporteur, Mr. David Weissbrodt, Submitted in Accordance with Sub-Commission Decisions 2000/103 and 2001/108, as well as Commission Decision 2002/107: Addendum: Examples of Practices in Regard to Non-citizens, U.N. Doc. E/CN.4/Sub.2/2002/25/Add. 3 (2002)

Human Rights Principles and Responsibilities for Transnational Corporations and Other Business Enterprises, U.N. Doc. E/CN.4/Sub.2/2002/WG.2/WP.1 (2002)

Human Rights Principles and Responsibilities for Transnational Corporations and Other Business Enterprises, Introduction, U.N. Doc. E/CN.4/Sub.2/2002/WG.2/WP.1/Add.1 (2002)

Human Rights Principles and Responsibilities for Transnational Corporations and Other Business Enterprises with Commentary on the Principles, U.N. Doc. E/CN.4/Sub.2/2002/WG.2/WP.1/Add.2 (2002)

The Rights of Non-citizens, Preliminary Report, U.N. Doc. E/CN.4/Sub.2/2001/20 (2001)

The Rights of Non-citizens, Addendum, U.N. Doc. E/CN.4/Sub.2/2001/20/Add.1 (2001)

Draft Universal Human Rights Guidelines for Companies, Introduction, U.N. Doc. E/CN.4/Sub.2/2001/WG.2/WP.1 (2001)

Draft Universal Human Rights Guidelines for Companies, Addendum 1, U.N. Doc. E/CN.4/Sub.2/2001/WG.2/WP.1/Add.1 (2001)

Draft Universal Human Rights Guidelines for Companies, Addendum 2, U.N. Doc. E/CN.4/Sub.2/2001/WG.2/WP.1/Add.2 (2001)

Draft Universal Human Rights Guidelines for Companies, Addendum 3: Report of the Seminar to Discuss U.N. Human Rights Guidelines for Companies, U.N. Doc. E/CN.4/Sub.2/2001/WG.2/WP.1/Add.3 (2001) (with Penny L. Parker)

Report of the Sub-Commission on the Promotion and Protection of Human Rights, U.N. Doc. E/CN.4/2002/99 (2001)

Principles Relating to the Human Rights Conduct of Companies, U.N. Doc. E/CN.4/Sub.2/2000/WG.2/WP.1 (2000)

Principles Relating to the Human Rights Conduct of Companies: Working Paper, Addendum 1: Draft Human Rights Principles for Companies with Source Materials, U.N. Doc. E/CN.4/Sub.2/2000/WG.2/WP .1/Add.1 (2000)

Principles Relating to the Human Rights Conduct of Companies: Working Paper, Addendum 2: List of the Principal Source Materials for the Draft Code of Conduct for Companies, U.N. Doc. E/CN.4/Sub.2/2000/WG.2/WP.1/Add.2 (2000)

Updated Review of the Implementation of and Follow-up of the Conventions on Slavery, U.N. Doc. E/CN.4/Sub.2/2000/3 (2000) (with Anti-Slavery International)

Updated Review of the Implementation of and Follow-up of the Conventions on Slavery, Addendum: Forms of Slavery, U.N. Doc. E/CN.4/Sub.2/2000/3/Add.1 (2000) (with Anti-Slavery International)

Working Paper on the Rights of Non-Citizens, U.N. Doc. E/CN.4/Sub.2/1999/7 (1999)

Stanislav Chernichenko & William Treat, The Right to a Fair Trial: Current Recognition and Measures Necessary for Its Strengthening: Final Report, U.N. Doc. E/CN.4/Sub.2/1994/24 (United Nations Economic and Social Council, 1994) (previous reports: E/CN.4/Sub.2/1990/34 (1990); E/CN.4/Sub.2/1991/29 (1991); E/CN.4/Sub.2/1992/24 & Add. 1-3 (1992); E/CN.4/Sub.2/1993/24 & Add. 1-2 (1993) (reports initially almost entirely written by David Weissbrodt without attribution, but in 1996 the U.N. Sub-Commission decided to add David Weissbrodt as a co-author in the compiled study as published)

The Failed Promise: Human Rights in the Philippines Since the Revolution of 1986: Report of a Visit (International Commission of Jurists, 1991) (with David Bitel, Marcus Einfeld & Daniel Ravindran)

Human Rights in the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (North Korea) (Minnesota Lawyers International Human Rights Committee; Asia Watch, 1988) (with Richard Kagan & Matthew Oh)

Amnesty International, Report on Allegations of Ill-treatment of Prisoners at Archambault Institution, Quebec, Canada: Including a Memorandum to the Government of Canada Following a Mission from 10 to 15 April 1983 (Amnesty International Publications, 1983) (mission delegate)

Book Reviews

Book Review, 101 American Journal of International Law 701 (2007) (reviewing Stefan Trechsel, Human Rights in Criminal Proceedings (Oxford University Press, 2005))

Book Review, 97 American Journal of International Law 227 (2003) (reviewing Andreas O'Shea, Amnesty for Crime in International Law and Practice (Kluwer Law International, 2002))

Book Review, 90 American Journal of International Law 705 (1996) (reviewing Matthew Craven, The International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights: A Perspective on its Development (Oxford University Press, 1995))

Book Review, 88 American Journal of International Law 561 (1994) (reviewing Monitoring Human Rights in Europe: Comparing International Procedures and Mechanisms (Arie Bloed, Liselotte Leicht, Manfred Nowak & Allan Rosas, eds., Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, 1993))

Book Review, 14 Human Rights Quarterly 601 (1992) (reviewing Report of the Chilean National Commission on Truth and Reconciliation (Secretariat of Communication and Culture, Government General Secretariat Ministry, 1991)) (with Paul W. Fraser)

Book Review, 85 American Journal of International Law 218 (1991) (reviewing Rita Maran, Torture: The Role of Ideology in the French-Algerian War (Praeger, 1989)) (with Detlev F. Vagts)

Book Review, 85 American Journal of International Law 420 (1991) (reviewing Marvin E. Frankel and Ellen Saideman, Out of the Shadows of Night: The Struggle for International Human Rights (Delacorte Press, 1989)) (with Detlev F. Vagts)

Book Review, 5 Interights Bulletin 21 (1990) (reviewing J. Herman Burgers and Hans Danelius, The United Nations Convention Against Torture: A Handbook on the Convention Against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment (Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, 1988))

Book Review, 84 American Journal of International Law 790 (1990) (reviewing B. G. Ramcharan, The Concept and Present Status of the International Protection of Human Rights: Forty Years After the Universal Declaration (Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, 1989))

Book Review, 10 Human Rights Quarterly 134 (1988) (reviewing Hans Thoolen & Berth Verstappen, Human Rights Missions: A Study of the Fact-finding Practice of Non-governmental Organizations (Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, 1986))

Entries in Reference Works

Immigration, in 5 Max Planck Encyclopedia of Public International Law 84 (Rudiger Wolfrum, ed., Oxford University Press, 2012)

Slavery, in 9 Max Planck Encyclopedia of Public International Law 216 (Rudiger Wolfrum, ed., Oxford University Press, 2012)

United Nations, Sub-Commission on the Promotion and Protection of Human Rights, in 10 Max Planck Encyclopedia of Public International Law 513 (Rudiger Wolfrum, ed., Oxford University Press, 2012)

Arvonne Fraser, in 2 Encyclopedia of Human Rights 266 (David P. Forsythe, editor in chief, Oxford University Press, 2009)

Civil and Political Rights: International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, in 1 Encyclopedia of Human Rights 339 (David P. Forsythe, editor in chief, Oxford University Press, 2009)

Discrimination and Older Persons, in 2 Encyclopedia of Human Rights 50 (David P. Forsythe, editor in chief, Oxford University Press, 2009)

Donald Fraser, in 2 Encyclopedia of Human Rights 270 (David P. Forsythe, editor in chief, Oxford University Press, 2009)

Due Process, Rule of Law, and Habeas Corpus, in 2 Encyclopedia of Human Rights 62 (David P. Forsythe, editor in chief, Oxford University Press, 2009)

National Human Rights Institutions, in 4 Encyclopedia of Human Rights 58 (David P. Forsythe, editor in chief, Oxford University Press, 2009)

United Nations Sub-Commission on Human Rights, in 5 Encyclopedia of Human Rights 210 (David P. Forsythe, editor in chief, Oxford University Press, 2009)

International Criminal Justice Standards, in 2 Encyclopedia of Crime & Justice 835 (Joshua Dressler et al., eds., Macmillan Reference USA, 2nd ed., 2002)

Editorials, Commentary & Letters

Andrei Sakharov, Minnesota Daily, May 8, 1986, at 7

Commemorating a Milestone in the Protection of Human Rights, Minneapolis Star & Tribune, Dec. 10, 1985, at 8A

Other Publications

UN Perspectives on "Business and Humanitarian and Human Rights Obligations", in Proceedings of the 100th Annual Meeting of the American Society of International Law 135 (2006)

UN Special Representative on Business and Human Rights Faces a Monumental Challenge, in Human Rights, Trade and Investment Matters 44 (Amnesty International, 2006)

Minnesota Professor Helps Draft International Standards for Business, 1 Minnesota Syllabus 13 (2005-06)

Introduction to Socratic Method and the Irreducible Core of Legal Education, 90 Minnesota Law Review i (2005)

Study on Independence and Impartiality of Amnesty International (2004)

Founders' Reflections: The Beginning of Minnesota Advocates, and Minnesota's Place in the Human Rights World, 15 Human Rights Observer 4 (Apr. 2003)

Do Human Rights Treaties Make Things Worse?, Foreign Policy 88 (Jan./Feb. 2003)

Hate Speech Guidelines, Amnesty International Standing Committee on the Mandate, AI Index: SCM 01/02 (2002)

Summary of Developments at the Fifty-Second Session of the United Nations Sub-Commission on the Promotion and Protection of Human Rights, ACLU International Civil Liberties Report 32 (2001) (with Bret Thiele & Mayra Gomez)

UN Guidelines for Companies, Human Rights & Business Matters 6 (Spring/Summer 2001) (assisted by Christopher Avery & Muria Kruger)

AI's Approach to Heterosexual Conduct in Private Between Consenting Adults, Amnesty International Standing Committee on the Mandate, AI Index: SCM 05/00 (2000) (with Johnson)

The Way Ahead for the AI Mandate, Amnesty International Standing Committee on the Mandate, AI Index: POL 21/03/00 (2000) (with Peter Pack)

Summary of Developments at the 51st Session of the U.N. Sub-Commission on the Promotion and Protection of Human Rights, ACLU International Civil Liberties Report 97 (2000) (with Mayra Gomez & Bret Thiele)

Summary of the 52nd Session of the United Nations Sub-Commission on the Promotion and Protection of Human Rights, 36 Human Rights Advocates Newsletter 1 (Winter 2000) (with Mayra Gomez & Bret Thiele)

Summary of Developments at the 50th Session of the U.N. Sub-commission on the Prevention of Discrimination and the Protection of Minorities, ACLU International Civil Liberties Report 59 (May 1999) (with Mayra Gomez & Bret Thiele)

International Conference on the Occasion of the 50th Anniversary of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, 3 Newsletter (School of Human Rights Research) 1 (Jan. 1999)

AI Mandate History as a Background to the Way Ahead, Amnesty International Standing Committee on the Mandate, AI Index: SCM 10/99 (1999)

Brief Summary of the 51st Session of the U.N. Sub-Commission on the Promotion and Protection of Human Rights, 34 Human Rights Advocates Newsletter 1 (Winter 1999)

Prologue, Global Child Survival: A Human Rights Priority iv (Minnesota Advocates for Human Rights, 1999)

Summary of Developments at the 49th Session of the U.N. Sub-Commission, 1998 ACLU International Civil Liberties Report 28 (1998) (with Shinobu Garrigues & Roman Kroke)

U.N. Subcommission on Human Rights, 32 Human Rights Advocates Newsletter 1 (Winter 1998) (with Mayra Gomez & Bret Thiele)

Bibliography for Research on International Human Rights, 6 Minnesota Journal of Global Trade 200 (1997) (with Marci Hoffman)

The Global Economy and Human Rights: A Selective Bibliography, 6 Minnesota Journal of Global Trade 189 (1997) (with Marci Hoffman)

1995 Developments at the U.N. Sub-Commission on Prevention of Discrimination and Protection of Minorities, 1996 ACLU International Civil Liberties Report 27 (1996) (with Jennifer Prestholdt)

Theory and Practice of Trial Observation: Report of a Regional Workshop 3-10, 32-38, 45-46 (Asian Forum for Human Rights and Development, 1996) (contributor)

United Nations 50th Anniversary and Origins of International Human Rights Law, 65 Hennepin Lawyer 4 (Nov.-Dec. 1995)

Highlights of the 46th Session of the Sub-Commission on Prevention of Discrimination and Protection of Minorities, ACLU International Civil Liberties Report 5 (Mar. 1995) (with Wendy Mahling)

A Brief Historical Introduction to International Human Rights Law, 17 Law Studies 13 (Fall 1992)

The Right to a Fair Trial: Amnesty International's Work and Developing Standards, 3 Amnesty International Lawyers Newsletter 6 (Summer 1992)

Major Developments at the UN Commission on Human Rights in 1991, 8 AIUSA Legal Support Network Newsletter 19 (Spring 1991) (with Penny Parker)

Bibliography for Research on International Human Rights Law, 13 Hamline Law Review 673 (1990) (with Lyonette Louis-Jacques)

International Law: The Year in Review, 84 Proceedings of the American Society of International Law 139 (1990) (remarks)

Politics and International Human Rights, 17 Barrister 50 (Fall 1990) (with Penny Parker)

Prospects for U.S. Ratification of the Convention Against Torture, 83 Proceedings of the American Society of International Law 529 (1989) (remarks)

The Fortieth Session of the U.N. Sub-Commission on Prevention of Discrimination and Protection of Minorities, 5 AIUSA Legal Support Network Newsletter 15 (no. 3, 1988), reprinted in expanded version in 11 Human Rights Quarterly 295 (1989) (with Katherine Brennan & Reed Brody)

Report on the 43rd Session of the UN Commission on Human Rights, 4 AIUSA Legal Support Network Newsletter 10 (Sept. 1987)

Report on the 5th Session of the Working Group on Indigenous Populations, 12 Human Rights Internet Reporter 65 (Fall 1987)

United Nations Commission on Human Rights, 43rd Session, 12 Human Rights Internet Reporter 67 (Fall 1987)

Inter-American Commission on Human Rights Finds Application Against U.S. Admissible, American Society of International Law Newsletter 1 (Nov.-Dec. 1986)

The Forty-Second Session of the United Nations Commission on Human Rights, 3 AIUSA Legal Support Network Newsletter 22 (Apr. 1986), reprinted in Review of the U.N. Commission on Human Rights: Hearing before the Subcommittee on Human Rights and International Organizations of the House Committee on Foreign Affairs, 99th Cong., 2d Sess. 97 (1986)

Human Rights NGOs and Humanitarian Law of Armed Conflict (Institut Henry-Dunant, 1986) (IHD Working Paper 5/86)

An International Report on the Fourth Session of the Working Group on Indigenous Populations, 16 Aboriginal Law Bulletin 10 (Oct. 1985)

The Third Session of the U.N. Working Group on Indigenous Populations, 30 July - 3 August 1984, 13 Aboriginal Law Bulletin 12 (Apr. 1985)

Beyond the Supreme Court: Rights of Indigenous Peoples at the International Level, 54 Hennepin Lawyer 14 (Mar.-Apr. 1985) (with Donna-Marie Boulay)

Report on the Forty-First Session of the U.N. Commission on Human Rights, 1 AIUSA Legal Support Network Newsletter 8 (Mar. 1985)

The 41st Session of the U.N. Commission on Human Rights, 1 AIUSA Legal Support Newsletter 11 (Dec. 1984)

The U.N. Working Group on Indigenous Populations -- A Pathbreaking Human Rights Body or an Aberration?, 1 AIUSA Legal Support Newsletter 30 (Sept. 1984)

Study of Amnesty International's Role in Situations of Armed Conflict and Internal Strife (1984) (AI Index: POL 03/04/84)

The Second Session of the Working Group on Indigenous Populations, Aboriginal Law Notes 1 (Sept. 1983)

The First Session of the Working Group on Indigenous Populations, Aboriginal Law Notes 1 (July 1983)

International Measures Against Arbitrary Killings by Governments, 77 Proceedings of the American Society of International Law 378 (1983), revised and reprinted as Protecting the Right to Life: International Measures Against Arbitrary or Summary Killings by Governments, in The Right to Life in International Law 297 (B.G. Ramcharan, ed., Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, 1985)

Summary Report of the Conference on Human Rights Fact-finding, 2 Newsletter (Studie- en Informatiecentrum Mensenrechten) 23 (1983)

Human Rights Implementation and Fact-finding by International Organizations, 74 Proceedings of the American Society of International Law 17 (1980)

Lawyers and Prisoners of Conscience, 48 Hennepin Lawyer 23 (1978)

Federal Expenditure to States and Regions: A Study of Their Distribution and Impact, 89th Congress, 2d Sess. (prepared by the Subcommittee on Intergovernmental Relations of the Committee on Government Operations, 1966) (assisted in preparation)

Brief for Human Rights Advocacy Groups and International Law Professors as Amicus Curiae in Support of Respondents, Meredith v. Jefferson County Board of Education, No. 05-915 (U.S. filed Oct. 10, 2006) (with Constance de la Vega)

Brief for Human Rights Advocates, Human Rights Watch, and Minnesota Advocates for Human Rights as Amici Curiae in Support of Petitioner, Hill v. McDonough, 547 U.S. 573 (2006) (with Constance de la Vega)

Brief for National and Foreign Legal Scholars as Amici Curiae in Support of Respondents, Sosa v. Alvarez-Machain, et al., 542 U.S. 692 (2004) (with William J. Aceves)

Brief as Amicus Curiae in Support of Petitioner, Bryan v. Moore, 528 U.S. 960 (Mem.) (1999) (with Constance de la Vega)

Brief for Human Rights Advocates and Minnesota Advocates for Human Rights as Amicus Curiae in Support of Plaintiffs-Appellees, Fierro v. Terhune, 77 F.3d 301 (9th Cir. 1996) (filed Aug. 3, 1995) (with Constance de la Vega & Barbara Frey)

Brief for Minnesota Lawyers International Human Rights Committee as Amicus Curiae in Support of Respondent, U.S. v. Alvarez-Machain, 504 U.S. 655 (1992)

Brief for Amnesty International as Amicus Curiae in Support of Petitioner, Thompson v. Oklahoma, 487 U.S. 815 (1988) (filed May 7, 1987) (with others)

Motion for Leave to File Brief and Brief for Amnesty International-U.S.A., International League for Human Rights, and the Lawyers' Committee for International Human Rights as Amici Curiae, Filartiga v. Pena-Irala, et al., 630 F.2d 876 (2nd Cir. 1980) (filed Aug. 13, 1979) (with Donald L. Doernberg)

Brief for Inmates of the District of Columbia Correctional Complex at Lorton, Virginia as Amici Curiae, Wolff v. McDonnell, 418 U.S. 539 (1974) (with William H. Allen, Michael A. Schlanger & Geoffrey J. Vitt)

Testimony

International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination: Hearings before the Senate Committee on Foreign Relations, 103rd Cong., 2nd Sess. 76 (1994) (testimony)

Convention Against Torture: Hearings before the Senate Committee on Foreign Relations, 100th Cong., 2nd Sess. 77 (1990) (testimony)

Review of the 37th Session and Upcoming 38th Session of the U.N. Commission on Human Rights: Hearings before the Subcommittee on Human Rights and International Organizations of the House Committee on Foreign Affairs, 97th Cong., 1st Sess. 41 (1982) (testimony)

Human Rights and U.S. Foreign Policy: Hearings before the Subcommittee on International Organizations of the House Committee on Foreign Affairs, 96th Cong., 1st Sess. 162 (1979) (testimony)

Institute for Human Rights and Freedom: Hearings before the Subcommittees on International Operations and International Organizations of the House Committee on International Relations, 95th Cong., 2d Sess. 142 (1978) (testimony)

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International Human Rights Law
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Women's Human Rights Law
Administrative Law