Faculty Directory
Faculty Directory

John Borrows

Office: N224
Mondale Hall, 229 19th Avenue South
Minneapolis, MN 55455


Indian Law

Tribal Courts in the United States, an Introduction to Indigenous Peoples Law

Constitutional Law

Comparative Constitutional Law



  • Aboriginal Legal Issues: Cases, Materials & Commentary (Butterworths, 1st ed., 1998; LexisNexis Butterworths, 2d ed., 2003; LexisNexis Canada, 3d ed., 2007; 4th ed, 2012) John Borrows and Leonard I. Rotman
  • Canada’s Indigenous Constitution (University of Toronto Press, 2010) John Borrows
  • Drawing Out Law: A Spirit’s Guide (University of Toronto Press, 2010) John Borrows
  • Canadian Constitutional Law (Emond Montgomery, 3rd ed., 2003) John Borrows, Joel Bakan and Sugit Choudrhy
  • Recovering Canada: The Resurgence of Indigenous Law (University of Toronto Press, 2002) John Borrows

Book Chapters

  • Maajitaadaa: Nanaboozhoo and the Flood, Part 2, in Centering Anishinaabeg Studies: Understanding the World through Stories (Jill Doerfler, Niigaanwewidam James Sinclair & Heidi Kiiwetinepinesiik Stark, eds., Michigan State University Press & University of Manitoba Press, 2013) (preface) John Borrows
  • Physical Philosophy: Mobility and the Future of Indigenous Rights, in Indigenous Peoples and the Law: Comparative and Critical Perspectives (Shin Imai, Kent McNeil & Ben Richardson, eds., Hart Publishing, 2009) John Borrows
  • Living Law on a Living Earth: Aboriginal Religion, Law and the Constitution, in Law and Religious Pluralism in Canada (Richard Moon, ed., UBC Press, 2008) John Borrows
  • Let Obligations Be Done, in Let Right Be Done: Aboriginal Title, the Calder Case, and the Future of Indigenous Rights (Hamar Foster, Jeremy Webber & Heather Raven, eds., UBC Press, 2007) John Borrows
  • Challenge, Change and Development in Aboriginal Communities, in Legal Aspects of Aboriginal Business Development (Joseph Magnet & Dwight Dorey, eds., LexisNexis Butterworths, 2005) John Borrows and Sarah Morales
  • Throwing the Eagle from the Nest, in Justice as Healing: Indigenous Ways (Wanda McCaslin, ed., Living Justice Press, 2005) John Borrows
  • A Separate Peace: Strengthening Shared Justice, in Intercultural Dispute Resolution in Aboriginal Contexts (Catherine Bell & David J. Kahane, eds., UBC Press, 2004) John Borrows
  • Measuring a Work in Progress: Canada, Constitutionalism, Citizenship and Aboriginal Peoples, in Box of Treasures or Empty Box?: Twenty Years of Section 35 (Ardith Walkem & Halie Bruce, eds., Theytus Books, 2003) John Borrows
  • “Because it Does Not Make Sense”: Sovereignty’s Power in the Case of Delgamuukw v. The Queen 1997, in Law, History, Colonialism: The Reach of Empire (Diane Kirkby & Catharine Coleborne, eds., Manchester University Press, 2001) John Borrows
  • The Supreme Court, Citizenship and the Canadian Community: Judgments of Justice G.V. La Forest, in Gerard V. La Forest at the Supreme Court of Canada 1985-1997 (Rebecca Johnson, ed., Supreme Court of Canada Historical Society, 2000) John Borrows
  • “Landed” Citizenship: Narratives of Aboriginal Political Participation, in Citizenship, Diversity, and Pluralism: Canadian and Comparative Perspectives (Alan Cairns, ed., McGill-Queen’s University Press, 1999), reprinted in Citizenship in Diverse Societies (Will Kymlicka & W. J. Norman, eds., Oxford University Press, 2000) John Borrows
  • Contemporary Traditional Equality: The Effect of the Charter on First Nations Politics, in Charting the Consequences: The Impact of Charter Rights on Canadian Law and Politics (David Schneiderman & Kate Sutherland, eds., University of Toronto Press, 1997) John Borrows
  • Wampum at Niagara: The Royal Proclamation, Canadian Legal History, and Self-Government, in Aboriginal and Treaty Rights in Canada: Essays on Law, Equity, and Respect for Difference (Michael Asch, ed., UBC Press, 1997) John Borrows

Journal Articles

  • Residential Schools, Respect, and Responsibilities for Past Harms, 64 University of Toronto Law Journal 486 (2014) John Borrows
  • Aboriginal and Treaty Rights and Violence Against Women, 50 Osgoode Hall Law Journal 699 (2013) John Borrows
  • Ground Rules: Indigenous Treaties in Canada and New Zealand, 22 New Zealand Universities Law Review 188 (2006) John Borrows
  • Creating an Indigenous Legal Community, 50 McGill Law Journal 153 (2005) (5th Annual John Tait Memorial Lecture) John Borrows
  • Indigenous Legal Traditions in Canada, 19 Washington University Journal of Law & Policy 167 (2005) John Borrows
  • Practical Recolonisation?, 28 University of New South Wales Law Journal 614 (2005) John Borrows
  • Tracking Trajectories: Aboriginal Governance as an Aboriginal Right, 38 UBC Law Review 285 (2005) John Borrows
  • Indian Agency and Taking What’s Not Yours, 22 Windsor Yearbook of Access to Justice 253 (2003-2004) John Borrows
  • Stewardship and the First Nations Governance Act, 29 Queen’s Law Journal 103 (2003) John Borrows
  • The House of Justice: A Single Trial Court, 48 Criminal Law Quarterly 126 (2003) Gerald T.G. Seniuk and John Borrows
  • Fourword/Foreword: Issues, Individuals, Institutions, Ideologies, 1 Indigenous Law Journal vii (2002) John Borrows
  • Domesticating Doctrines: Aboriginal Peoples after the Royal Commission, 46 McGill Law Journal 615 (2001) John Borrows
  • Indian Agency: Forming First Nations Law in Canada, 24 PoLAR: Political and Legal Anthropology Review 9 (2001) John Borrows
  • Listening for a Change: The Courts and Oral Tradition, 39 Osgoode Hall Law Journal 1 (2001) John Borrows
  • Uncertain Citizens: The Supreme Court and Aboriginal Peoples, 80 Canadian Bar Review 15 (2001) John Borrows
  • Sovereignty’s Alchemy: An Analysis of Delgamuukw v. British Columbia, 37 Osgoode Hall Law Journal 537 (1999) John Borrows
  • Reliving the Present: Title, Treaties and the Trickster in British Columbia, 120 B.C. Studies 99 (1998) John Borrows
  • Frozen Rights in Canada: Constitutional Interpretation and the Trickster, 22 American Indian Law Review 37 (1997) John Borrows
  • Living Between Water and Rocks: First Nations, Environmental Planning and Democracy, 47 University of Toronto Law Journal 417 (1997) John Borrows
  • The Sui Generis Nature of Aboriginal Rights: Does it Make a Difference?, 36 Alberta Law Review 9 (1997) John Borrows and Len Rotman
  • The Trickster: Integral to a Distinctive Culture, 8 Constitutional Forum 29-38 (Winter 1997) John Borrows
  • Fish and Chips: Aboriginal Commercial Fishing and Gambling Rights in the Supreme Court of Canada, 50 Criminal Reports 230-44 (1996) John Borrows
  • Incremental Planning and the Ontario Municipal Board, 10 Canadian Journal of Administrative Law and Practice (1996) John Borrows
  • With or Without You: First Nations Law (in Canada), 41 McGill Law Journal 629-65 (1996) John Borrows
  • Constitutional Law from a First Nation Perspective: Self-Government and the Royal Proclamation, 28 University of British Columbia Law Review 1-48 (1994) John Borrows
  • Contemporary Traditional Equality: The Effect of the Charter on First Nations Politics, 43 University of New Brunswick Law Journal 19-48 (1994) John Borrows
  • A Genealogy of Law: Inherent Sovereignty and First Nations Self-Government, 30 Osgoode Hall Law Journal 291-354 (1992) John Borrows
  • Negotiating Treaties and Land Claims: The Impact of Diversity within First Nations Property Interests, 12 Windsor Yearbook of Access to Justice 179-234 (1992) John Borrows

Entries in Reference Works

  • Aboriginal Political Advocacy and the Canadian Constitution, in Indians in Contemporary Society (Handbook of North American Indians, vol. 2) (Garrick Bailey, ed., Smithsonian Institution, 2008) John Borrows

Other Publications

  • Crown and Aboriginal Occupations of Land: A History & Comparison (Oct. 15, 2005) (research paper commissioned by the Ipperwash Inquiry (Ontario, Canada)) John Borrows
  • Western Economic Diversification (2005) (report for the government of Canada on study of aboriginal economic development in five Canadian cities) John Borrows
  • Aboriginal Cultural Audit (2004) (report for Canadian Department of Justice with analysis, recommendations, and summary of interviews after visits with 115 managers and aboriginal employees in Montreal, Ottawa, Toronto, Iqaluit, Winnipeg, Saskatoon, Edmonton, Vancouver, Yellowknife, and Halifax) John Borrows
  • Treaty Justice Report for Office of Treaty Commissioner of Saskatchewan (2004) (roundtable discussions conducted and mediated over two years with elders, governmental ministers, First Nations chiefs, judges, academics) John Borrows

Contact Information

University of Minnesota Law School

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