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June Carbone

Robina Chair in Law, Science and Technology; Associate Dean for Research & Planning

June Carbone

N224 Mondale Hall
229–19th Ave. South
Minneapolis, MN 55455



Princeton University, A.B.
Yale Law School, J.D.

Professor June Carbone joins the Law School faculty in June 2013 as the inaugural holder of the Robina Chair in Law, Science and Technology from her position as the Edward A. Smith/Missouri Chair of Law, the Constitution and Society at the University of Missouri at Kansas City (UMKC). She is an expert in family law, assisted reproduction, property, and law, medicine and bioethics, and also has taught contracts, remedies, financial institutions, civil procedure, and feminist jurisprudence.

Before joining UMKC in 2007, Professor Carbone was an associate professor and a professor at Santa Clara University (SCU) School of Law, beginning in 1987. From 2000-06 she served as associate dean for faculty development and from 2001-03 as the Presidential Professor of Ethics and the Common Good, an appointment that supports ethics research at the SCU's Markkula Center for Applied Ethics. She was a visiting scholar at Stanford University's Institute for Research on Women and Gender in 1995-96.

While at SCU, she also was co-director of the National University of Singapore summer program focused on intellectual property and international trade (2006), director of the Sydney summer study program focused on law and biotechnology (2004 and 2005), and director of the Hong Kong summer study program focused on comparative legal systems and international trade (1994).

Previously she was an assistant professor at George Mason University School of Law (1983-87) and a trial attorney in the Civil Division, Federal Programs Branch of the U.S. Department of Justice (1978-83).

Professor Carbone writes prolifically on law and the family, marriage, divorce, and domestic obligations, including changes brought about by the biotechnology revolution. Her most recent books are Red Families v. Blue Families: Legal Polarization and the Creation of Culture (Oxford U. Press, 2010), which explores the effects of diverging values and norms in America, and Marriage Markets: How Inequality is Remaking the American Family (Oxford U. Press, 2014), which examines the widening class divide in the American family. Both are co-authored with Naomi Cahn.

Among the honors Professor Carbone has received are the 2009-10 Daniel L. Brenner Faculty Publishing Award from UMKC School of Law, the 2002 SCU Award for Recent Achievement in Scholarship over the previous five years, and the 2002 SCU Law School Award for Distinguished Scholarship. At the Association of American Law Schools, she is a founding member of the Biolaw Section, a former chair of the Family and Juvenile Law Section, and a former Liaison to the Joint Editorial Board of the National Conference of Commissioners on Uniform State Laws. She also has been a member of the Yale Cultural Cognition Project since 2010.

Professor Carbone received her J.D. from the Yale Law School in 1978 and her A.B., magna cum laude, from the Woodrow Wilson School for Public and International Affairs at Princeton University in 1975.

For further information on Professor Carbone, please consult her curriculum vitae.





  • Family Law (Aspen Publishing, 3d ed., 2005; 4th ed., 2009; Wolters Kluwer Law & Business, 5th ed., 2014) (with teacher's manuals) (with Leslie Joan Harris & Lee E. Teitelbaum)

  • Marriage Markets: How Inequality is Remaking the American Family (Oxford University Press, 2014) (with Naomi Cahn)

  • Red Families v. Blue Families: Legal Polarization and the Creation of Culture (Oxford University Press, 2010) (with Naomi Cahn)

  • From Partners to Parents: The Second Revolution in Family Law (Columbia University Press, 2000)

Book Chapters

  • The Other Side of the Demographic Revolution: Social Policy and Responsible Parenthood, in What Is Parenthood?: Contemporary Debates about the Family (Linda C. McClain & Daniel Cere, eds. New York University Press, 2013) (with Naomi Cahn)

  • The Past, Present and Future of the Marital Presumption, in The International Survey of Family Law (Bill Atkin & Fareda Banda, eds. Jordan Publishing Ltd, 2013) (with Naomi Cahn)

  • Red v. Blue Marriage, in Marriage at the Crossroads: Law, Policy, and the Brave New World of Twenty-First Century Families (Marsha Garrison & Elizabeth Scott, eds., Cambridge University Press, 2012) (with Naomi Cahn)

  • Neuroscience and Ideology: Why Science Can Never Supply a Complete Answer for Adolescent Immaturity, in Law and Neuroscience: Current Legal Issues 2010 (Michael Freeman, ed., Oxford University Press, 2011)

  • Ethics within Markets or a Market for Ethics? Can Disclosure of Sperm Donor Identity Be Effectively Mandated?, in Baby Markets: Money and the New Politics of Creating Families (Michele Goodwin, ed., Cambridge University Press, 2010) (with Paige Gottheim)

  • Examining the Biological Bases of Family Law: Lessons to Be Learned for the Evolutionary Analysis of Law, in Law, Mind and Brain (Michael Freeman & Oliver R. Goodenough, eds., Ashgate, 2009) (with Naomi Cahn)

  • Family Law Armageddon: The Story of Morgan v. Foretich, in Family Law Stories (Carol Sanger, ed., Thomson/West, 2008) (with Leslie Joan Harris)

  • Autonomy to Choose What Constitutes Family: Oxymoron or Basic Right?, in Autonomy in the Law (Mortimer Sellers, ed., Springer, 2007)

  • Back to the Future: The Perils and Promise of a Backward Looking Family Law Jurisprudence, in Reconceiving the Family: Critique on the American Law Institute's Principles of the Law of Family Dissolution (Robin Fretwell Wilson, ed., Cambridge University Press, 2006)

  • What Do Women Really Want?: Feminism, Justice and the Market for Intimate Relationships, in Feminism Confronts Homo Economicus: Gender, Law, and Society (Martha Albertson Fineman & Terence Dougherty, eds., Cornell University Press, 2005)

  • Child Support Comes of Age: A New Ethic of Family Responsibility, in Child Support: The Next Frontier (J. Thomas Oldham & Marygold S. Melli, eds., University of Michigan Press, 2000)

  • Donne e science fiction: Star Trek e le diverse generazioni di femminismo, in Star Trek: Il Cielo E Il Limite (Franco La Polla, ed., Lindau, 1998)

  • Feminism, Gender, and the Consequences of Divorce, in Divorce: Where Next? (Michael Freeman, ed., Dartmouth Publishing Company, 1996)

Journal Articles

  • Growing Inequality and Children, 23 American University Journal of Gender, Social Policy and the Law 283 (2015) (with Naomi Cahn)

  • Whither/wither Alimony?, 93 Texas Law Review 925 (2015) (reviewing Cynthia Lee Starnes, The Marriage Buyout: The Troubled Trajectory of U.S. Alimony Law (New York University Press, 2014)) (review essay) (with Naomi Cahn)

  • Legal Applications of the "Best Interest of the Child" Standard: Judicial Rationalization or a Measure of Institutional Competence?, 134 Supp. 2 Pediatrics S111 (Oct. 2014)

  • An Intimate Look at American Families, 48 Family Law Quarterly 211 (2014) (reviewing Herbie DiFonzo & Ruth Stern, Intimate Associations: The Law and Culture of American Families (University of Michigan Press, 2013)) (with Naomi Cahn)

  • Is Marriage for Rich Men?, 13 Nevada Law Journal 386 (2013) (with Naomi Cahn)

  • Review Essay, 47 Journal of American Studies e21 (2013) (reviewing Joanna L. Grossman & Lawrence M Friedman, Inside the Castle: Law and Family in 20th Century America (Princeton University Press, 2011))

  • Review Essay: Is Family Health a Measure of the Justice of the State?, 11 Perspectives on Politics 241 (2013) (reviewing Maxine Eichner, The Supportive State: Families, Government, and America's Political Ideals (Oxford University Press, 2010))

  • The End of Men or the Rebirth of Class?, 93 Boston University Law Review 871 (2013) (with Naomi Cahn)

  • The Gender/Class Divide: Reproduction, Privilege, and the Workplace, 8 FIU Law Review 287 (2013) (with Naomi Cahn)

  • The Triple System of Family Law, 2013 Michigan State Law Review 1185 (2013) (with Naomi Cahn)

  • Who's the Father?, 93 Boston University Law Review Annex 55 (2013) (on-line symposium on Adoptive Couple) (with Naomi Cahn)

  • Once and Future Financial Crises: How the Hellhound of Wall Street Sniffed Out Five Forgotten Factors Guaranteed to Produce Fiascos, 80 UMKC Law Review 1021 (2012)

  • Marriage as a State of Mind: Federalism, Contract, and the Expressive Interest in Family Law, 2011 Michigan State Law Review 49 (2011)

  • Marriage, Parentage, and Child Support, 45 Family Law Quarterly 219 (2011) (with Naomi Cahn)

  • Out of the Channel and into the Swamp: How Family Law Fails in a New Era of Class Division, 39 Hofstra Law Review 859 (2011) (endowed lecture)

  • Teaching Controversial Topics, 49 Family Court Review 678 (2011) (with Beth Burkstrand-Reid & Jennifer S. Hendricks)

  • Unpacking Inequality and Class: Family, Gender and the Reconstruction of Class Barriers, 45 New England Law Review 527 (2011) (endowed lecture)

  • Cultural Conflict and the Revival of Class Warfare, 16 Washington and Lee Journal of Civil Rights and Social Justice 369 (2010)

  • Embryo Fundamentalism, 18 William & Mary Bill of Rights Journal 1015 (2010) (with Naomi Cahn)

  • Negating the Genetic Tie: Does the Law Encourage Unnecessary Risks?, 79 UMKC Law Review 333 (2010)

  • What Does Bristol Palin Have to Do with Same-Sex Marriage?, 45 University of San Francisco Law Review 313 (2010)

  • Family Classes: Rethinking Contraceptive Choice, 20 University of Florida Journal of Law and Public Policy 361 (2009) (with Naomi Cahn)

  • Roadblocks or Bypasses?: Religion, Science, and the Future of Genetic Engineering, 18 Kansas Journal of Law & Public Policy 188 (2009)

  • Who Decides What Number of Children is "Right"?, 104 Northwestern University Law Review Colloquy 109 (2009)

  • Age Matters: Class, Family Formation, and Inequality, 48 Santa Clara Law Review 901 (2008)

  • Behavioral Biology, the Rational Actor Model, and the New Feminist Agenda, 24 Research in Law and Economics 189 (2008) (with Naomi Cahn)

  • If I Say "Yes" to Regulation Today, Will You Still Respect Me in the Morning?, 76 George Washington Law Review 1747 (2008)

  • Judging Families, 77 UMKC Law Review 267 (2008) (with Naomi Cahn)

  • Lifting the Floor: Sex, Class, and Education, 39 University of Baltimore Law Forum 57 (2008) (with Naomi Cahn)

  • Book Review, 22 Journal of Law and Religion 591 (2007) (reviewing The Family Transformed: Religion, Values, and Society in American Life (Steven M. Tipton & John Witte, Jr., eds., Georgetown University Press, 2005) (review essay)

  • Deep Purple: Religious Shades of Family Law, 110 West Virginia Law Review 459 (2007) (with Naomi Cahn)

  • From Partners to Parents Revisited: How Will Ideas of Partnership Influence The Emerging Definition of California Parenthood?, 7 Whittier Journal of Child and Family Advocacy 3 (2007) (endowed lecture)

  • Is Fertility the Unspoken Issue in the Debate Between Liberal and Conservative Family Values?, 32 Law & Social Inquiry 809 (2007) (reviewing Linda C. McClain, The Place of Families: Fostering Capacity, Equality, and Responsibility (Harvard University Press, 2006) and James Q. Wilson, The Marriage Problem: How Our Culture Has Weakened Families (HarperCollins, 2002)) (review essay)

  • The Role of Adoption in Winning Public Recognition for Adult Partnerships, 35 Capital University Law Review 341 (2007)

  • Examining the Biological Bases of Family Law: Lessons to Be Learned for the Evolutionary Analysis of Law, 2 International Journal of Law in Context 277 (2006) (with Naomi Cahn)

  • Law, Politics, Religion and the Creation of Norms for Market Transactions: A Review of The Birth of Surrogacy in Israel by D. Kelly Weisberg, 39 Family Law Quarterly 789 (2005) (reviewing D. Kelly Weisberg, The Birth of Surrogacy in Israel (University Press of Florida, 2005)) (review essay)

  • Markets, Subsidies, Regulation, and Trust: Building Ethical Understandings into the Market for Fertility Services, 9 Journal of Gender, Race and Justice 509 (2005) (with Paige Gottheim)

  • The Legal Definition of Parenthood: Uncertainty at the Core of Family Identity, 65 Louisiana Law Review 1295 (2005)

  • Understanding the Biological Basis of Commitment: Does One Size Fit All?, 25 Women's Rights Law Reporter 179 (2004) (keynote address)

  • The Biological Basis of Commitment: Does One Size Fit All?, 25 Women's Rights Law Reporter 223 (2004) (with Naomi Cahn)

  • Between Private Ordering and Public Fiat: A New Paradigm for Family Law Decision-Making, 5 Journal of Law and Family Studies 1 (2003) (with Howard Fink)

  • Ethics, Patents and the Sustainability of the Biotech Business Model, 17 International Review of Law, Computers & Technology 203 (2003)

  • Toward a More Communitarian Future?: Fukuyama as the Fundamentalist Secular Humanist, 101 Michigan Law Review 1906 (2003) (reviewing Francis Fukuyama, Our Posthuman Future: Consequences of the Biotechnology Revolution (Farrar, Straus, and Giroux, 2002)) (review essay)

  • Which Ties Bind?: Redefining the Parent-Child Relationship in an Age of Genetic Certainty, 11 William & Mary Bill of Rights Journal 1011 (2003) (with Naomi Cahn)

  • Back to the Future: Intellectual Property and the Rediscovery of Property Rights--and Wrongs, 46 Saint Louis University Law Journal 629 (2002)

  • The Futility of Coherence: The ALI's Principles of the Law of Family Dissolution, Compensatory Spousal Payments, 4 Journal of Law and Family Studies 43 (2002)

  • Access to Global Markets and the Creation of Trust: The Future of Genetically Modified Foods, 20 Business and Professional Ethics Journal 79 (Fall-Winter 2001) (with Margaret McLean)

  • Has the Gender Divide Become Unbridgeable?: The Implications for Social Equality, 5 Journal of Gender, Race and Justice 31 (2001)

  • Redesigning Family in an Era of Divorce, 46 Contemporary Psychology: APA Review of Books 17 (2001) (reviewing The Postdivorce Family: Children, Parenting, and Society (Ross A. Thompson & Paul R. Amato, eds., Sage Publications, 1999))

  • The Missing Piece of the Custody Puzzle: Creating a New Model of Parental Partnership, 39 Santa Clara Law Review 1091 (1999)

  • Child Custody and the Best Interests of Children -- A Review of From Father's Property to Children's Rights: The History of Child Custody in the United States, by Mary Ann Mason, 29 Family Law Quarterly 721 (1996) (reviewing Mary Ann Mason, From Father's Property to Children's Rights: The History of Child Custody in the United States (Columbia University Press, 1994)) (review essay)

  • Morality, Public Policy and the Family: The Role of Marriage and the Public Private Divide, 36 Santa Clara Law Review 267 (1996)

  • Dukeminier and Krier as Narrative: The Stories We Tell in the First Year Property Course, 32 Houston Law Review 723 (1995)

  • A Feminist Perspective on Divorce, 4:1 Future of Children 183 (Spring 1994)

  • Income Sharing: Redefining the Family in Terms of Community, 31 Houston Law Review 359 (1994)

  • Equality and Difference: Reclaiming Motherhood as a Central Focus of Family Law, 17 Journal of Law & Social Inquiry 471 (1992) (reviewing Martha Albertson Fineman, The Illusion of Equality: The Rhetoric and Reality of Divorce Reform (University of Chicago Press, 1991))

  • Rethinking Marriage: Feminist Ideology, Economic Change, and Divorce Reform, 65 Tulane Law Review 953 (1991), reprinted in part in Judith Areen, Cases and Materials on Family Law (Foundation Press, 3d ed. 1992; 4th ed., 1999), and in Grace Ganz Blumberg, Community Property in California (Little, Brown, 2d ed., 1993) (with Margaret F. Brinig)

  • Economics, Feminism, and the Reinvention of Alimony: A Reply to Ira Ellman, 43 Vanderbilt Law Review 1463 (1990)

  • The Limits of Contract in Family Law: An Analysis of Surrogate Motherhood, 9 Logos: Philosophic Issues in Christian Perspective 147 (1988)

  • The Reliance Interest in Marriage and Divorce, 62 Tulane Law Review 855 (1988), reprinted in Carl E. Schneider & Margaret F. Brinig, An Invitation to Family Law: Principles, Process and Perspectives (West Pub. Co., 1996) (with Margaret F. Brinig)

  • The Role of Contract Principles in Determining the Validity of Surrogacy Contracts, 28 Santa Clara Law Review 581 (1988)

  • Liquidation of a Federally Funded Agency: Lessons to Be Learned from the Greater Los Angeles Community Action Agency, 32 Catholic University Law Review 129 (1982)

Entries in Reference Works

  • Reproductive Technologies: Legal and Public-Policy Perspectives, in The Child: An Encyclopedic Companion (Richard A. Shweder, editor in chief, University of Chicago Press, 2009)

  • The Marriage Contract, in The Philosophy of Law: An Encyclopedia (Christopher B. Gray, ed., Garland, 1999)

Editorials, Commentary & Letters

  • Inequality and Marriage, Chronicle of Higher Education, May 12, 2014 (with Naomi Cahn)

  • Conservatives Don't Want to Admit That Economic Inequality Is Ruining Marriage, AlterNet, Feb. 4, 2014 (with Naomi Cahn)

  • Inequality Revisited: The Rise of the Individual is Always at the Expense of Community, New Economic Perspectives, Jan. 28, 2014

  • Assisted reproduction: When does a father become one?, L.A. Times, Aug. 12, 2013 (with Naomi Cahn)

  • Casualty of the One Percent, New York Times, Apr. 1, 2013 (with Naomi Cahn)

Other Publications

  • Marital Happiness Is Not a Political Contest, Time (Aug. 19, 2015) (with Naomi Cahn)

  • Don't Get Married Until You Know Who You're Going To Be When You Grow Up, Forbes (May 4, 2015) (with Naomi Cahn)

  • The Marriage Calculus, aeon (Apr. 20, 2015) (with Naomi Cahn)

  • It Became Necessary to Destroy Marriage in Order to Defend It, 91 Denver University Law Review Online 35 (Nov. 16, 2013)

  • Introduction: Global Issues in Family Law, 79 UMKC Law Review 265 (2010) (symposium on global issues in family law)

  • Introduction: Teaching Socio-Economics, 41 San Diego Law Review 1 (2004) (symposium on teaching law & socioeconomics)

  • Toward a More Communitarian Future?: The Governance of Biotechnology, 4 STS NEXUS 21 (2004)

  • Will Lawyers Become the High Priests of Biotechnology?, Et al.: A Magazine of Santa Clara University School of Law (Winter/Spring 2002-03)

  • Introduction: From Partners to Parents: Toward a Child Centered Family Law Jurisprudence, 39 Santa Clara Law Review 953 (1999)

  • Justice and the Law School Tradition, 3 Explore: A Quarterly Examination of Catholic identity and Ignatian Character in Jesuit Higher Education 5 (Fall 1999)

  • The Tie That Binds: Fidelity to Children--Not to Spouses--May Be a New Way of Approaching Family Policy, 8 Issues in Ethics 20 (Winter 1997)