Tel Aviv University, LL.B.
Harvard University LL.M., S.J.D.
Professor Oren Gross is the Irving Younger Professor of Law and the Director of the Institute for International Legal & Security Studies at the University of Minnesota Law School. He is also currently the Nomura Visiting Professor of International Financial Systems at Harvard Law School (2012-13). He is an internationally recognized expert in the areas of national security law, international law, and international trade. He is also an expert on the Middle East and the Arab-Israeli conflict.
Professor Gross holds an LL.B. degree magna cum laude from Tel Aviv University, where he served on the editorial board of the Tel Aviv University Law Review. He obtained LL.M. and S.J.D. degrees from Harvard Law School while a Fulbright Scholar.
Professor Gross was a member of the faculty of the Tel Aviv University Law School in Israel from 1996 to 2002. He also has taught and held visiting positions at Harvard Law School; Princeton University; Benjamin N. Cardozo School of Law; the Max Planck Institute for International Law and Comparative Public Law in Heidelberg, Germany; the Transitional Justice Institute in Belfast (while a British Academy visiting professor); Queen's University in Belfast; the University of Santiago de Compostela (Spain); and Brandeis University. Professor Gross has received numerous academic awards and scholarships, including a Fulbright scholarship and British Academy and British Council awards.
Between 1986 and 1991, Professor Gross served as a senior legal advisory officer in the international law branch of the Israeli Defense Forces' Judge Advocate General's Corps. In 1998, he served as the legal adviser to an Israeli delegation that negotiated an agreement with the Palestinian Authority's senior officials concerning the economic component of a permanent status agreement between Israel and Palestine.
Professor Gross's work has been published extensively. His articles appeared in leading academic journals such as the Yale Law Journal, Yale Journal of International Law, Michigan Journal of International Law, Minnesota Law Review, and Cardozo Law Review. His book, Law in Times of Crisis: Emergency Powers in Theory and Practice, co-authored with Professor Fionnuala Ní Aoláin, was published by Cambridge University Press in 2006 and was awarded the prestigious Certificate of Merit for Preeminent Contribution to Creative Scholarship by the American Society of International Law in 2007.
Professor Gross joined the University of Minnesota in 2002 and was appointed the Vance K. Opperman Research Scholar in 2003 and the Julius E. Davis Professor of Law in 2004. In 2004 he was also the recipient of the John K. & Elsie Lampert Fesler Research Grant. He was appointed as the Irving Younger Professor of Law in 2005.
Professor Gross practiced law at Sullivan and Cromwell in 1995-1996 and is a member of both the New York and Israeli bars.
Law in Times of Crisis: Emergency Powers in Theory and Practice (Cambridge University Press, 2006) (recipient of the American Society of International Law's 2007 Certificate of Merit for a preeminent contribution to creative scholarship) (with Fionnuala Ní Aoláin)
Legal Obligations of the Directly Affected State Before, During and After Cyber-Incidents, in Cyberspace and General International Law: Peacetime Rights and Obligations of States in Cyberspace (Martin Ney & Andreas Zimmermann, eds., Oxford University Press, forthcoming)
The Constitution and Presidential Emergency Powers, in The United States Constitution (Sanford Levinson, Mark Tushnet & Mark Graber, eds., Oxford University Press, forthcoming)
Security vs. Liberty: On Emotions and Cognition, in The Long Decade: How 9/11 Changed the Law 45 (David Jenkins, Amanda Jacobsen & Anders Henriksen, eds., Oxford University Press, 2014)
Introduction: Guantanamo and Beyond, in Guantanamo and Beyond: Exceptional Courts and Military Commissions in Comparative Perspective 1-34 (Fionnuala Ni Aolain & Oren Gross, eds, Cambridge University Press, 2013) (with Fionnuala Ní Aoláin)
Violating Divine Law: Emergency Measures in Jewish Law, in Extra-Legal Power and Legitimacy: Perspectives on Prerogative 52 (Clement Fatovic & Benjamin A. Kleinerman, eds., Oxford University Press, 2013)
Extra-legality and the Ethic of Political Responsibility, in Emergencies and the Limits of Legality 60 (Victor Ramraj, ed., Cambridge University Press, 2008)
"Control Systems" and the Migration of Anomalies, in Migration of Constitutional Ideas (Sujit Chowdhury, ed., Cambridge University Press, 2006)
Preventive Interrogational Torture, in The Global War on Terrorism: Executive Branch Challenges in Forming Counterterrorism Policy 107 (Institute for National Security and Counterterrorism at Syracuse University, 2006)
The Concept of "Crisis": What Can We Learn from the Two Dictatorships of L. Quinctius Cincinnatus?, in Diritti Civili ed Economici in Tempi di Crisi: Atti del Congresso Internazionale (Stresa, 13-14 maggio 2005) 21 (Giuffrè, 2006)
Constitution and Crisis: The Use of Emergency Powers in the United States, in American Democracy: The Real, The Imagined and the False 196 (Arnon Gutfeld, ed., Zemorah-Bitan, 2002)
Cutting Down Trees: Law-Making Under the Shadow of Great Calamities, in The Security of Freedom: Essays on Canada's Anti-Terrorism Bill 39 (Ronald J. Daniels, Patrick Macklem & Kent Roach, eds., University of Toronto Press, 2001)
On Terrorists and Other Criminals: States of Emergency and the Criminal Legal System, in Directions in Criminal Liability: Inquiries in the Theory of Criminal Law 409 (Eli Lederman, ed., Israel Bar Association & Tel-Aviv University, 2001)
Regional Trade Arrangements in the Service of Peace in the Middle East, in Regional Cooperation in a Global Context 101 (Raphael Bar-El, Ehud Menipaz & Gilbert Benhayoun, eds., Harmattan, 2000) (with Eli Sagi)
Extremist and Terrorist Organizations, in First Judgments: Reflections upon Decisions of the Israeli Supreme Court During the First Year of Israel's Independence 77 (Daphne Barak-Erez, ed., ha-Kibuts ha-meuhad, 1999)
To Know Where We Are Going, We Need to Know Where We Are: Revisiting States of Emergency, in A Human Rights Agenda for the 21st Century 79 (Angela Hegarty & Siobhan Leonard, eds., Cavendish Publishing Limited, 1999) (with Fionnuala Ní Aoláin)
The New Way of War: Is There a Duty to Use Drones?, Florida Law Review (forthcoming)
The Process of Balancing, 45 Tulsa Law Review 733 (2010) (reviewing Laura K. Donohue, The Cost of Counterterrorism: Power, Politics, and Liberty (Cambridge University Press, 2008) and James E. Baker, In the Common Defense: National Security Law for Perilous Times (Cambridge University Press, 2007)) (review essay)
From Discretion to Scrutiny: Revisiting the Application of the Margin of Appreciation Doctrine in the Context of Article 15 of the European Convention on Human Rights, 23 Human Rights Quarterly 625 (2001) (with Fionnuala Ní Aoláin)
The Military Courts' System in Judea, Samaria and the Gaza Strip, 5 Monthly Review (1989)
Enemy Among Us, New York Law Journal Magazine 37 (2004) (reviewing David Cole, Enemy Aliens: Double Standards and Constitutional Freedoms in the War on Terrorism (New Press, 2003))
Book Review, 9 Constellations 286 (2002) (reviewing Ruti G. Teitel, Transitional Justice: Law and Politics in Times of Transition (Oxford University Press, 2000))
Book Review, 6 (no. 1) European Journal of International Law 152 (1995) (reviewing Effecting Compliance (Armed Conflict and the New Law, vol.2) (Hazel Fox & Michael A. Meyer, eds., British Institute of International and Comparative Law, 1993))
Book Review, 6 (no. 1) European Journal of International Law 157 (1995) (reviewing Edward McWhinney, Judge Shigeru Oda and the Progressive Development of International Law (Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, 1993))
Professor Gross is Chair of the American Society of International Law’s Committee on Annual Awards. He serves as a book reviewer for Cambridge University Press, Oxford University Press, and Princeton University Press. He also is on the Advisory Boards of the Human Rights Program and the Human Rights Center, both at the University of Minnesota Law School.
In Dec. 2008, he presented "Carl Schmitt," a Constitutional Law Advanced Workshop, as part of the Program in Law and Public Affairs, Princeton University.
In Sept. 2008, he presented the Constitution Day keynote speech, "Torturing the Constitution: The (Un)constitutionality of Waterboarding," at Case Western Reserve University.