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Timothy R. Johnson

Distinguished Teaching Professor of Political Science and Law, Department of Political Science

Timothy R. Johnson

1414 Social Science (Political Science)

612-625-2907

trj@umn.edu

Ph.D. in Political Science - Washington University in St. Louis, 1998
M.A. in Political Science - Washington University in St. Louis, 1995
B.A. in Political Science and Russian Studies - Gustavus Adolphus College, 1993 (magna cum laude)

Professor Timothy R. Johnson received his Ph.D. from Washington University in St. Louis, in 1998. Prior to joining the University of Minnesota Faculty he was an Assistant Professor of Political Science at Southern Illinois University, Carbondale.

Professor Johnson's research and teaching interests include American Politics, judicial politics, Supreme Court decision-making, Supreme Court oral arguments, executive/judiciary relations, and the evolution of the norm of respecting precedent. He has published articles in the American Political Science Review, American Politics Research, Congress and the Presidency, the Journal of Politics, Law and Society Review, and Political Research Quarterly. He is also the author of Oral Arguments and Decision Making on the U.S. Supreme Court (SUNY Press, 2004) and the coauthor of Religious Institutions and Minor Parties in the United States (Praeger Press 1999, with Chris Gilbert, David A.M. Peterson, and Paul Djupe).

Professor Johnson's work has also been supported by the National Science Foundation. His first grant (IIS-0324992), "ITR SCOTUS: A Resource for Collaborative Research in Speech Technology, Linguistics, Decision Processes, and the Law" (with Jerry Goldman, Brian McWhinney, and Mark Liberman), is an effort to digitize all U.S. Supreme Court oral arguments from 1955-present, with an emphasis on using the audio to analyze how oral arguments affect the Court's decisions. The second grant (SES-0550276), "Collaborative Research: The Establishment of Stare Decisis in the American Legal System" (with James F. Spriggs II and Paul J. Wahlbeck) focuses on the examination of the how the norm of respecting precedent affects the decisions of judges within the American legal system.

PUBLICATIONS

Books

Black, Ryan C., Timothy R. Johnson, and Justin Wedeking 2012. Oral Arguments and Coalition Formation on the U.S. Supreme Court: A Deliberate Dialogue. ISBN: 978-0-472-11846-5. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press. 141 pages.

Johnson, Timothy R. and Jerry Goldman, editors. 2009. A Good Quarrel: America's Top Legal Reporters Share Stories from Inside the Supreme Court. ISBN: 978-0-472-03326-3. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press. 216 pages.

Featured on: C-SPAN2's BookTV , Scotusblog.com, HowAppealing.com, and the Legal Intelligencer. For more information see the audio clips page. Reviewed by Law and Politics Book Review, Law and Society Review, Journal of Legal Education, and Goodreads.com.

Johnson, Timothy R. 2004. Oral Arguments and Decision Making on the United States Supreme Court. ISBN: 0-7914-6103-3. Albany, NY: SUNY Press. 180 pages.

Reviewed by Perspectives on Politics, Law and Politics Book Review, and Justice System Journal.

Gilbert, Chris, David A.M. Peterson, Timothy R. Johnson, and Paul Djupe. 1999. Religious Institutions and Minor Parties in the United States. ISBN: 0-275-96310-1. Westport, CT: Praeger Press. 192 pages.

Reviewed by American Political Science Review.

Articles

Black, Ryan C., Rachel Schutte, and Timothy R. Johnson. Forthcoming. "Trying to Get What You Want: Heresthetical Maneuvering and U.S. Supreme Court Decision Making." Political Research Quarterly.

Gregory, Charles and Timothy R. Johnson. Forthcoming. "The Chief Justice and Oral Arguments." In, Artemus Ward and David Danelski (editors) The U.S. Chief Justice. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press. Peer Reviewed.

Sorenson, Maron and Timothy R. Johnson. Forthcoming. "Supreme Court Decision Making in Comparative Perspective." In Ralf Rogowski (editor) Constitutional Courts in Comparison: The U.S. Supreme Court and the German Federal Constitutional Court . New York: Berghahn Publishers.

Black, Ryan C., Maron W. Sorenson, and Timothy R. Johnson. Forthcoming. "Towards an Actor Based Measure of Supreme Court Salience: Information Seeking and Engagement During Oral Arguments." Political Research Quarterly.

Ringsmuth, Eve M. and Timothy R. Johnson. Forthcoming. "Supreme Court Oral Arguments and Institutional Maintenance." American Politics Research.

Ringsmuth, Eve M. and Timothy R. Johnson. Forthcoming. "Voting Fluidity and Oral Argument on the U.S. Supreme Court." Political Research Quarterly.

Included in Kevin Lewis. 2012. "Findings: A Daily Roundup of Academic Studies." National Affairs. May 11, 2012. http://www.nationalaffairs.com/blog/detail/findings-a-daily-roundup/civil-war.

Johnson, Timothy R. James F. Spriggs II, and Paul J. Wahlbeck. 2012. "The Politics of Precedent in the U.S. Supreme Court." In, Kevin McGuire (editor), New Directions In Judicial Politics. New York: Routledge. Peer Reviewed.

Black, Ryan C. Sarah A. Treul, Timothy R. Johnson, and Jerry Goldman. 2011. "Emotions, Oral Arguments, and Supreme Court Decision Making." Journal of Politics. Vol. 73, #2 (April): 572-581.

Black, Ryan C., Amanda Bryan, and Timothy R. Johnson. 2011. "Courts and Issue Salience: An International Perspective." In Kai Opperman and Henrik Viehrig (editors) Issue Salience in International Politics. New York: Routledge. Peer Reviewed.

Cross, Frank B., James F. Spriggs II, Timothy R. Johnson, and Paul J. Wahlbeck. 2010. "Citations in the U.S. Supreme Court: An Empirical Study of their use and Significance." University of Illinois Law Review. Vol. 2010, #2: 489-576.

Johnson, Timothy R., Ryan Black, and Justin Wedeking. 2009. "Pardon the Interruption: An Empirical Analysis of Supreme Court Justices' Behavior During Oral Arguments." Loyola Law Review. Vol. 55, #2 (Summer): 331-351.

Johnson, Timothy R., Ryan Black, and Eve Ringsmuth. 2009. "Hear Me Roar: What Provokes Supreme Court Justices to Dissent from the Bench?" University of Minnesota Law Review. Vol. 93, #5 (May): 1560-1581.

Featured in the New York Times.

Johnson, Timothy R., Ryan Black, Jerry Goldman, and Sarah Treul. 2009. "Inquiring Minds Want to Know: Do Justices Tip their Hands with Questions at Oral Argument in the U.S. Supreme Court?" Washington University Journal of Law & Policy. Vol. 93, #5 (May): 1560-1581.

Featured in the New York Times, Scotusblog.com, and Bench and Bar of Minnesota.

Johnson, Timothy R., James F. Spriggs, and Paul J. Wahlbeck. 2007. "Supreme Court Oral Advocacy: Does it affect the Justices' Decisions?" Washington University Law Review. Vol. 85, #3 (December): 457-527.

Reprinted in The Supreme Court Sourcebook. 2013. Richard Seaman, Andrew Siegel, Joseph Thai, and Kathryn Watts eds. New York, NY: Aspen Publishing

Fowler, James, Timothy R. Johnson, James F. Spriggs, Sangick Jeon, and Paul J. Wahlbeck. 2007. "Network Analysis and the Law: Measuring the Legal Importance of Supreme Court Precedents." Political Analysis. Vol. 15, #3 (Summer): 324-346.

Johnson, Timothy R., Paul J. Wahlbeck, and James F. Spriggs. 2006. "The Influence of Oral Arguments on the U.S. Supreme Court." American Political Science Review. Vol. 100, #1 (February): 99-113.

Featured on The Monkey Cage.

Johnson, Timothy R. and Jason Roberts. 2005. "Pivotal Politics, Presidential Capital, and Supreme Court Nominations." Congress and the Presidency. Vol. 32, #1 (Spring): 31-48.

Johnson, Timothy R., Paul J. Wahlbeck, and James F. Spriggs. N.d. "The Evaluation of Oral Argumentation before the U.S. Supreme Court." Forthcoming February 2006. American Political Science Review. Vol. 100, #1 (February): XX-XX.

Johnson, Timothy R. and Jason Roberts. 2005. "Choosing Wisely: Reassessing the Politics of Supreme Court Nominations." Congress and the Presidency. Vol. 32, #1 (Spring): 31-48.

Johnson, Timothy R., James Spriggs, and Paul Wahlbeck. 2005. "Passing and Strategic Voting on the U.S. Supreme Court." Law and Society Review. Vol. 39, #2 (June): 349-377.

Johnson, Timothy R. and Jason Roberts. 2004. "Presidential Capital and the Supreme Court Confirmation Process." Journal of Politics. Vol. 66, #3 (August): 663-683.

Hoekstra, Valerie and Timothy R. Johnson. 2003. "Delaying Justice: The Supreme Court’s Decision to Hear Rearguments." Political Research Quarterly. Vol. 56, #3 (September): 351-360.

Johnson, Timothy R. 2003. "The Supreme Court, the Solicitor General, and the Separation of Powers." American Politics Research. Vol. 31, #4 (July): 426-451.

Johnson, Timothy R. 2001. "Information, Oral Arguments, and Supreme Court Decision Making." American Politics Research. Vol. 29, #4 (July):331-351.

Gilbert, Chris, Timothy R. Johnson, David A.M. Peterson, and Paul Djupe. 2001. "Structural Constraints on Perot Voting Patters: The Effects of Religious Adherence." In Ted Jelen (editor) The Perot Phenomenon: Mass and Elite Perspectives. Albany: SUNY Press. Peer Reviewed.

Johnson, Timothy R. 2000."Data Sources for Researching the United States Supreme Court." DttP: Documents to the People. Vol. 28, #2 (Summer): 45-48.

Johnson, Timothy R., Andrew D. Martin. 1998. "The Public’s Conditional Response to Supreme Court Decisions." American Political Science Review. Vol. 92, #2 (June): 229-309.

Epstein, Lee, Jeffrey Segal, and Timothy R. Johnson. 1996. "The Claim of Issue Creation on the U.S. Supreme Court." American Political Science Review. Vol. 90, #4 (December): 845-852.

Gilbert, Chris, David A.M. Peterson, and Timothy R. Johnson. 1995. "The Religious Roots of Third Party Voting: A Comparison of Anderson, Wallace, and Perot." Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion. Vol. 34, #4 (December): 470-484

Other Publications

Johnson, Timothy R. 2013. Book review of "Nixon's Court: His Challenge to Judicial Liberalism and Its Political Consequences." Kevin J. McMahon, The Historian.. Vol. 75, #1: 167-168.

Johnson, Timothy R. 2011. "Justice David Stras, Judicial Politics, and Federal Court Nomination Politics." Minnesota Law Review Headnotes.. Vol. 96, #1: 125-133.

Johnson, Timothy R. and Jason Roberts. 2005. "American Bar Association Dialogue: Selecting Supreme Court Justices." Focus on Law Studies. Vol. XX, # 2 (Spring):1-20.

Johnson, Timothy R. 2005. Book review of "Seeking Justices: The Judging of Supreme Court Nominees." Michael Comiskey. Perspectives on Politics. Vol. 3, #4 (December): 897-898.

Johnson, Timothy R. 2003. "Roe v. Wade, Webster v. Reproductive Health Services, Wolman v. Walter, Good News Club et al. v. Milford Central School, Rosenberger v. University of Virginia, and Santa Fe Independent School District v. Doe." In The Encyclopedia of American Religion and Politics. Paul Djupe and Laura Olson editors. New York: Facts on File, Inc.

Johnson, Timothy R. 2002. Book review of "The Role of the Supreme Court in American Politics: The Least Dangerous Branch?" Richard L. Pacelle, Jr. Political Science Quarterly. Vol. 117, #3 (Fall): 502-503.

Johnson, Timothy R. 2002. "Escobedo v. Illinois." In The Encyclopedia of American Law. David Schultz, editor. New York: Facts on File, Inc.

Johnson, Timothy R., Andrew D. Martin. 1998. "The Public's Conditional Response to Supreme Court Decisions." American Political Science Review.. Vol. 92, #2 (June): 299-309.

Johnson, Timothy R. 1997. Book review of "The Role of Government in Monitoring Religion in Public Life." James E. Wood Jr. and Derek Davis (eds.). Review of Religious Research. Vol. 30, #3 (March): 274-275.