Faculty Directory
Faculty Directory

Oren Gross

  • Irving Younger Professor of Law
  • Director, Institute for International Legal & Security Studies

Tel Aviv University, LL.B.
Harvard University LL.M., S.J.D.

Office: 430
Mondale Hall, 229 19th Avenue South
Minneapolis, MN 55455

Professor Oren Gross is the Irving Younger Professor of Law and the Director of the Institute for International Legal & Security Studies at the University of Minnesota Law School. He is an internationally recognized expert in the areas of international law and national security law. He is also an expert on the Middle East and the Arab-Israeli conflict.

Professor Gross holds an LL.B. degree magna cum laude from Tel Aviv University, where he served on the editorial board of the Tel Aviv University Law Review. He obtained LL.M. and S.J.D. degrees from Harvard Law School while a Fulbright Scholar.

Professor Gross was a member of the faculty of the Tel Aviv University Law School in Israel from 1996 to 2002. He has taught and held visiting positions at Harvard Law School (where he held the position of Nomura Visiting Professor of International Financial Systems in 2012-13); Princeton University; Benjamin N. Cardozo School of Law; the Max Planck Institute for International Law and Comparative Public Law in Heidelberg, Germany; the Transitional Justice Institute in Belfast (while a British Academy visiting professor); Queen’s University in Belfast; the University of Santiago de Compostela (Spain); and Brandeis University. Professor Gross has received numerous academic awards and scholarships, including a Fulbright scholarship and British Academy and British Council awards.

Between 1986 and 1991, Professor Gross served as a senior legal advisory officer in the international law branch of the Israeli Defense Forces’ Judge Advocate General’s Corps. In 1998, he served as the legal adviser to an Israeli delegation that negotiated an agreement with the Palestinian Authority’s senior officials concerning the economic component of a permanent status agreement between Israel and Palestine.

Professor Gross’s work has been published extensively. His articles appeared in leading academic journals such as the Yale Law Journal, Yale Journal of International Law, Michigan Journal of International Law, Minnesota Law Review, Florida Law Review and Cardozo Law Review. His book, Law in Times of Crisis: Emergency Powers in Theory and Practice, co-authored with Professor Fionnuala Ní Aoláin, was published by Cambridge University Press in 2006 and was awarded the prestigious Certificate of Merit for Preeminent Contribution to Creative Scholarship by the American Society of International Law in 2007. His most recent book, Guantanamo and Beyond: Exceptional Courts and Military Commissions in Comparative Perspective, co-edited with Professor Ní Aoláin, was published by Cambridge University Press in 2013.

Professor Gross joined the University of Minnesota in 2002 and was appointed the Vance K. Opperman Research Scholar in 2003 and the Julius E. Davis Professor of Law in 2004. In 2004 he was also the recipient of the John K. & Elsie Lampert Fesler Research Grant. He was appointed as the Irving Younger Professor of Law in 2005.

In addition to his position at the Law School, Professor Gross is also a faculty member of the Center for Jewish Studies at the University of Minnesota.

Professor Gross practiced law at Sullivan and Cromwell in 1995-1996 and is a member of both the New York and Israeli bars. In 2008 he joined the American Law Institute as an elected member.

For more information on Professor Gross, please consult his PDF iconcurriculum vitae and personal homepage.


International Business Transactions

International Trade

Journal of International Law: Research and Writing

Laws of War



  • Guantanamo and Beyond: Exceptional Courts and Military Commissions in Comparative Perspective (Cambridge University Press, 2013) (co-editor) Fionnuala Ní Aoláin and Oren Gross
  • Law in Times of Crisis: Emergency Powers in Theory and Practice (Cambridge University Press, 2006) (recipient of the American Society of International Law’s 2007 Certificate of Merit for a preeminent contribution to creative scholarship) Oren Gross and Fionnuala Ní Aoláin
    | SSRN

Book Chapters

  • Emergency Powers, in The Oxford Handbook of the U.S. Constitution (Mark Tushnet, Mark A. Graber & Sanford Levinson, eds., Oxford University Press, forthcoming 2015) Oren Gross
  • Legal Obligations of the Directly Affected State Before, During and After Cyber-Incidents, in Cyberspace and General International Law: Peacetime Rights and Obligations of States in Cyberspace (Martin Ney & Andreas Zimmermann, eds., Oxford University Press, forthcoming) Oren Gross
  • The Trial of Terrorism: National Security Courts and Beyond, in Routledge Handbook of Law and Terrorism 206-221 (Genevieve Lennon & Clive Walker, eds., Routledge, 2015) Fionnuala Ní Aoláin and Oren Gross
  • Security vs. Liberty: On Emotions and Cognition, in The Long Decade: How 9/11 Changed the Law 45 (David Jenkins, Amanda Jacobsen & Anders Henriksen, eds., Oxford University Press, 2014) Oren Gross
  • Introduction: Guantanamo and Beyond, in Guantanamo and Beyond: Exceptional Courts and Military Commissions in Comparative Perspective 1-34 (Fionnuala Ni Aolain & Oren Gross, eds, Cambridge University Press, 2013) Fionnuala Ní Aoláin and Oren Gross
  • Violating Divine Law: Emergency Measures in Jewish Law, in Extra-Legal Power and Legitimacy: Perspectives on Prerogative 52 (Clement Fatovic & Benjamin A. Kleinerman, eds., Oxford University Press, 2013) Oren Gross
  • Constitutions and Emergency Regimes, in Comparative Constitutional Law 334 (Tom Ginsburg & Rosalind Dixon, eds., Edward Elgar, 2011) Oren Gross
  • Security vs. Liberty: An Imbalanced Balancing, in Uppsala-Minnesota Colloquium: Law, Culture and Values 283 (Mattias Dahlberg, ed., Iustus, 2009) Oren Gross
  • Extra-legality and the Ethic of Political Responsibility, in Emergencies and the Limits of Legality 60 (Victor Ramraj, ed., Cambridge University Press, 2008) Oren Gross
  • Preventive Interrogational Torture, in The Global War on Terrorism: Executive Branch Challenges in Forming Counterterrorism Policy 107 (Institute for National Security and Counterterrorism at Syracuse University, 2006) Oren Gross
  • The Concept of “Crisis”: What Can We Learn from the Two Dictatorships of L. Quinctius Cincinnatus?, in Diritti Civili ed Economici in Tempi di Crisi: Atti del Congresso Internazionale (Stresa, 13-14 maggio 2005) 21 (Giuffrè, 2006) Oren Gross
  • “Control Systems” and the Migration of Anomalies, in Migration of Constitutional Ideas (Sujit Chowdhury, ed., Cambridge University Press, 2006) Oren Gross
  • Stability and Flexibility: A Dicey Business, in Global Anti-Terrorism Law and Policy (Victor Ramraj, Michael Hor & Kent Roach, eds., Cambridge University Press, 2005) Oren Gross
  • The Prohibition on Torture and the Limits of the Law, in Torture: A Collection 229 (Sanford Levinson, ed., Oxford University Press, 2004) Oren Gross
  • Constitution and Crisis: The Use of Emergency Powers in the United States, in American Democracy: The Real, The Imagined and the False 196 (Arnon Gutfeld, ed., Zemorah-Bitan, 2002) Oren Gross
  • Cutting Down Trees: Law-Making Under the Shadow of Great Calamities, in The Security of Freedom: Essays on Canada’s Anti-Terrorism Bill 39 (Ronald J. Daniels, Patrick Macklem & Kent Roach, eds., University of Toronto Press, 2001) Oren Gross
  • On Terrorists and Other Criminals: States of Emergency and the Criminal Legal System, in Directions in Criminal Liability: Inquiries in the Theory of Criminal Law 409 (Eli Lederman, ed., Israel Bar Association & Tel-Aviv University, 2001) Oren Gross
  • Regional Trade Arrangements in the Service of Peace in the Middle East, in Regional Cooperation in a Global Context 101 (Raphael Bar-El, Ehud Menipaz & Gilbert Benhayoun, eds., Harmattan, 2000) Oren Gross and Eli Sagi
  • Extremist and Terrorist Organizations, in First Judgments: Reflections upon Decisions of the Israeli Supreme Court During the First Year of Israel’s Independence 77 (Daphne Barak-Erez, ed., ha-Kibuts ha-meuhad, 1999) Oren Gross
  • To Know Where We Are Going, We Need to Know Where We Are: Revisiting States of Emergency, in A Human Rights Agenda for the 21st Century 79 (Angela Hegarty & Siobhan Leonard, eds., Cavendish Publishing Limited, 1999) Oren Gross and Fionnuala Ní Aoláin

Journal Articles

  • Applying the Extra-Legal Measures Model to Humanitarian Interventions: A Reply to Devon Whittle, 26 European Journal of International Law 699 (2015)   Oren Gross
  • Legal Obligations of States Directly Affected by Cyber-Incidents, 48 Cornell International Law Journal (forthcoming 2015) Oren Gross
  • The New Way of War: Is There a Duty to Use Drones?, 67 Florida Law Review 1 (2015) Oren Gross
    | SSRN
  • The Rhetoric of War: Words, Conflict, and Categorization Post 9/11, 24 Cornell Journal of Law and Public Policy 241 (2014) Oren Gross and Fionnuala Ní Aoláin
    | SSRN
  • Venerate, Amend…and Violate, 46 Arizona State Law Journal 1151 (2014) Oren Gross
    | SSRN
  • The Process of Balancing, 45 Tulsa Law Review 733 (2010) (reviewing Laura K. Donohue, The Cost of Counterterrorism: Power, Politics, and Liberty (Cambridge University Press, 2008) and James E. Baker, In the Common Defense: National Security Law for Perilous Times (Cambridge University Press, 2007)) (review essay) Oren Gross
  • A Skeptical View of Deference to the Executive in Times of Crisis, 41 Israel Law Review 545 (2008) Fionnuala Ní Aoláin and Oren Gross
    | SSRN
  • Torture and an Ethics of Responsibility 3 Law, Culture and the Humanities 35 (2007) Oren Gross
  • What Emergency Regime?, 13 Constellations 74 (2006) Oren Gross
  • Are Torture Warrants Warranted? Pragmatic Absolutism and Official Disobedience, 88 Minnesota Law Review 1481 (2004) Oren Gross
    | SSRN
  • Chaos and Rules: Should Responses to Violent Crises Always Be Constitutional?, 112 Yale Law Journal 1011 (2003) Oren Gross
    | SSRN
  • Providing for the Unexpected: Constitutional Emergency Provisions, 33 Israel Yearbook on Human Rights 13 (2003) Oren Gross
  • Emergency, War and International Law - Another Perspective, 70 Nordic Journal of International Law 29 (2001) Oren Gross and Fionnuala Ní Aoláin
  • From Discretion to Scrutiny: Revisiting the Application of the Margin of Appreciation Doctrine in the Context of Article 15 of the European Convention on Human Rights, 23 Human Rights Quarterly 625 (2001) Oren Gross and Fionnuala Ní Aoláin
  • The Israeli-Palestinian Economic Permanent Status Agreement and Trade Regime, 47 Riv`on le-khalkalah (Economic Quarterly) 50 (2000) Oren Gross and Eli Sagi
  • Mending Walls: The Economic Aspects of Israeli-Palestinian Peace, 15 American University International Law Review 1539 (2000) Oren Gross
  • The Normless and Exceptionless Exception: Carl Schmitt’s Theory of Emergency Powers and the “Norm-Exception” Dichotomy, 21 Cardozo Law Review 1825 (2000) Oren Gross
  • “Once More unto the Breach”: The Systemic Failure of Applying the European Convention on Human Rights to Entrenched Emergencies, 23 Yale Journal of International Law 437 (1998) Oren Gross
  • The Grave Breaches System and the Armed Conflict in the Former Yugoslavia, 16 Michigan Journal of International Law 783 (1995) Oren Gross
  • The Military Courts’ System in Judea, Samaria and the Gaza Strip, 5 Monthly Review (1989) Oren Gross

Book Reviews

  • Enemy Among Us, New York Law Journal Magazine 37 (2004) (reviewing David Cole, Enemy Aliens: Double Standards and Constitutional Freedoms in the War on Terrorism (New Press, 2003)) Oren Gross
  • Book Review, 9 Constellations 286 (2002) (reviewing Ruti G. Teitel, Transitional Justice: Law and Politics in Times of Transition (Oxford University Press, 2000)) Oren Gross
  • Book Review, 6 (no. 1) European Journal of International Law 152 (1995) (reviewing Effecting Compliance (Armed Conflict and the New Law, vol.2) (Hazel Fox & Michael A. Meyer, eds., British Institute of International and Comparative Law, 1993)) Oren Gross
  • Book Review, 6 (no. 1) European Journal of International Law 156 (1995) (reviewing Jalil Kasto, Ius Cogens and Humanitarian Law (published by the author, 1994)) Oren Gross
  • Book Review, 6 (no. 1) European Journal of International Law 157 (1995) (reviewing Edward McWhinney, Judge Shigeru Oda and the Progressive Development of International Law (Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, 1993)) Oren Gross

Editorials, Commentary & Letters

  • Commentary: Torture Must be Investigated, CNNPolitics.com, Apr. 30, 2009 Oren Gross
  • CUPE Ontario’s proposed boycott of Israeli academics is just plain anti-Semitic, Globe & Mail, Apr. 9, 2009 (op-ed) Oren Gross
  • Misguided Response, 27 Boston Review 16 (2002) Oren Gross

Other Publications

  • Chess in Literature, The Colophon 7 (2005) Oren Gross
  • Torture, Violence, and the Global War on Terror: Lecture Commentary, 99 Proceedings of the American Society of International Law 407 (2005) Oren Gross

Contact Information

University of Minnesota Law School

Walter F. Mondale Hall | 229 19th Avenue South | Minneapolis, MN 55455

P: 612-625-1000

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